Accounting 25th Edition Test Bank

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Accounting 25th Edition Test Bank

Chapter 1–Introduction to Accounting and Business
Student: ___________________________________________________________________________
1. The main objective of a not-for-profit business is not to make a profit.
True False

2. An example of an external user of accounting information is the federal government.
True False

3. A corporation is a business that is legally separate and distinct from its owners.
True False

4. About 90% of the businesses in the United States are organized as corporations.
True False

5. The role of accounting is to provide many different users with financial information to make economic decisions.
True False

6. Proprietorships are owned by one owner and provide only services to their customers.
True False

7. Only large companies such as Wal-Mart, JCP, General Motors, and the Bank of America can be organized as corporations.
True False

8. Accounting information users need reports about the economic activities and condition of businesses.
True False

9. Senior executives cannot be criminally prosecuted for the wrong doings they commit on behalf of the companies where they work.
True False

10. The primary role of accounting is to determine the amount of taxes a business will be required to pay to taxing entities.
True False

11. An account receivable is typically classified as a revenue.
True False

12. Managerial accounting information is used by external and internal users equally.
True False

13. Financial accounting provides information to all users, while the main focus for managerial accounting is to provide information to the management.
True False

14. Proper ethical conduct implies that you only consider what’s in your best interest.
True False

15. Some of the major fraudulent acts by senior executives started as what they considered to be small ethical lapses which grew out of control.
True False

16. Two factors that typically lead to ethical violations are relevance and timeliness of accounting information.
True False

17. A business is an organization in where basic resources or inputs, like materials and labor, are assembled and processed to provide outputs in the form of goods or services to customers.
True False

18. The Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) is the authoritative body that has primary responsibility for developing accounting principles.
True False

19. The cost concept is the basis for entering the exchange price into the accounting records.
True False

20. The unit of measurement concept requires that economic data be recorded in a common unit of measurement.
True False

21. If a building is appraised for $85,000, offered for sale at $90,000, and the buyer pays $80,000 cash for it, the buyer would record the building at $85,000.
True False

22. Generally accepted accounting principles regulate how and what financial information is reported by businesses.
True False

23. The accounting equation can be expressed as Assets – Liabilities = Owner’s Equity.
True False

24. The rights or claims to the assets of a business may be subdivided into rights of creditors and rights of owners.
True False

25. The owner’s rights to the assets rank ahead of the creditors’ rights to the assets.
True False

26. If the liabilities owed by a business total $300,000 and owners equity is equal to $300,000, then the assets also total $300,000.
True False

27. If total assets decreased by $30,000 during a specific period and owner’s equity decreased by $35,000 during the same period, the period’s change in total liabilities was an $65,000 increase.
True False

28. If total assets increased by $190,000 during a specific period and liabilities decreased by $10,000 during the same period, the period’s change in total owner’s equity was a $200,000 increase.
True False

29. If net income for a proprietorship was $50,000, the owner withdrew $20,000 in cash and the owner invested $10,000 in cash, the capital of the owner increased by $40,000.
True False

30. An account receivable is a claim against a customer arising from a sale on account.
True False

31. Paying an account payable increases liabilities and decreases assets.
True False

32. Receiving payments on an account receivable increases both equity and assets.
True False

33. Cash withdrawals by owners decrease assets and increase equity.
True False

34. Purchasing supplies on account increases liabilities and decreases equity.
True False

35. Receiving a bill or otherwise being notified that an amount is owed is not recorded until the amount is paid.
True False

36. Revenue is earned only when money is received.
True False

37. Expenses are assets that are used up during the process of earning revenue.
True False

38. The excess of revenue over the expenses incurred in earning the revenue is called capital.
True False

39. The principal financial statements of a proprietorship are the income statement, statement of owner’s equity, and the balance sheet.
True False

40. An income statement is a summary of the revenues and expenses of a business as of a specific date.
True False

41. A statement of owner’s equity reports the changes in the owner’s equity for a period of time.
True False

42. The statement of cash flows consists of three sections: cash flows from operating activities, cash flows from income activities, and cash flows from equity activities.
True False

43. The financial statements of a proprietorship should include the owner’s personal assets and liabilities.
True False

44. The balance sheet represents the accounting equation.
True False

45. An example of a general-purpose financial statement would be a report about projected price increases related to transportation costs.
True False

46. No significant differences exist between the accounting standards issued by the FASB and the IASB.
True False

47. The Sarbanes-Oxley Act prohibits CPAs from providing nonaudit investment banking services.
True False

48. The main objective for all business is to maximize unrealized profits.
True False

49. The basic difference between manufacturing and merchandising companies is the completion level of the products they purchase for resale to customers.
True False

50. Net income and net profit do not mean the same thing.
True False

51. Profit is the difference between
A. assets and liabilities
B. the incoming cash and outgoing cash
C. the assets purchased with cash contributed by the owner and the cash spent to operate the business
D. the amounts received from customers for goods or services and the amounts paid for
the inputs used to provide the goods or services.

52. Most businesses in the United States are
A. proprietorships
B. partnerships
C. corporations
D. co-operatives

53. Which of the items below is not a business entity?
A. entrepreneurship
B. proprietorship
C. partnership
D. corporation

54. An entity that is organized according to state or federal statutes and in which ownership is divided into shares of stock is a
A. proprietorship
B. corporation
C. partnership
D. governmental unit

55. Financial reports are used by
A. management
B. creditors
C. investors
D. all are correct

56. Which of the following best describes accounting?
A. records economic data but does not communicate the data to users according to any specific rules.
B. is an information system that provides reports to users regarding economic activities and condition of a business.
C. is of no use by individuals outside of the business.
D. is used only for filling out tax returns and for financial statements for various type of governmental reporting requirements.

57. Two common areas of accounting that respectively provide information to internal and external users are:
A. forensic accounting and financial accounting
B. managerial accounting and financial accounting
C. managerial accounting and environmental accounting
D. financial accounting and tax accounting systems

58. Which type of accountant typically practices as an individual or as a member of a public accounting firm?
A. Certified Public Accountant
B. Certified Payroll Professional
C. Certified Internal Auditor
D. Certified Management Accountant

59. All of the following are general-purpose financial statements except:
A. balance sheet
B. income statement
C. statement of owner’s equity
D. cash budget

60. Which of the following is a manufacturing business?
A. Amazon.com.
B. Wal-Mart.
C. Ford Motors.
D. Delta Airlines

61. Which of the following group of companies are all examples of a merchandising business?
A. Delta Airlines, Marriott, Gap
B. Gap, Amazon, NIKE
C. GameStop, Sony, Dell
D. GameStop, Best Buy, Gap

62. Which of the following would not normally operate as a service business?
A. Pet Groomers
B. Grocers
C. Lawn Care Company
D. Styling Salon

63. Select the type of business that is most likely to obtain large amounts of resources by issuing stock.
A. Partnership
B. Corporation
C. Proprietorship
D. None are correct.

64. Which of the following is true in regards to a Limited Liability Company?
A. Makes up 10% of business organizations in the United States.
B. Combines the attributes of a partnership and a corporation.
C. Provides tax and liability advantages to the owners.
D. All are correct.

65. On April 25, Gregg Repair Service extended an offer of $115,000 for land that had been priced for sale at $140,000. On May 3, Gregg Repair Service accepted the seller’s counteroffer of $125,000. On June 20, the land was assessed at a value of $95,000 for property tax purposes. On August 4, Gregg Repair Service was offered $150,000 for the land by a national retail chain. At what value should the land be recorded in Gregg Repair Service’s records?
A. $115,000
B. $95,000
C. $140,000
D. $125,000

66. Which of the following groups are considered to be internal users of accounting information?
A. Employees and customers
B. Customers and vendors
C. Employees and managers
D. Government and banks

67. The following are examples of external users of accounting information except:
A. government
B. customers
C. creditors
D. all of the above

68. Due to various fraudulent business practices and accounting coverups in the early 2000’s, Congress enacted the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. The Act was responsible for establishing a new oversight board for public accountants called the
A. Generally Accepted Accounting Practices for Public Accountants Board.
B. Public Company Accounting Oversight Board.
C. Congressional Accounting Oversight Board.
D. None are correct.

69. Which of the following is the best description of accounting’s role in business?
A. Accounting provides stockholders with information regarding the market value of the company’s stocks.
B. Accounting provides information to managers to operate the business and to other users to make decisions regarding the economic condition of the company.
C. Accounting helps in decreasing the credit risk of the company.
D. Accounting is not responsible for providing any form of information to users. That is the role of the Information Systems Department.

70. Managerial accountants would be responsible for providing the following information:
A. Tax reports to government agencies.
B. Profit reports to owners and management.
C. Expansion of a product line report to management.
D. Consumer reports to customers.

71. Which of the following is not a certification for accountants?
A. CIA
B. CMA
C. CISA
D. All are certifications.

72. Which of the following isnot a characteristic of a corporation?
A. Corporations are organized as a separate legal taxable entity
B. Ownership is divided into shares of stock.
C. Corporations experience an ease in obtaining large amounts of resources by issuing stock.
D. A corporation’s resources are limited to their individual owners’ resources.

73. Which of the following is not a role of accounting in business?
A. To provide reports to users about the economic activities and conditions of a business.
B. To personally guarantee loans of the business.
C. To provide information to other users to determine the economic performance and condition of the business.
D. To assess the various informational needs of users and design its accounting system to meet those needs.

74. Which of the following are guidelines for behaving ethically?
I. Identify the consequences of a decision and its effect on others.
II. Consider your obligations and responsibilities to those affected by the decision.
III. Identify your decision based on personal standards of honesty and fairness.

A. I and II.
B. II and III.
C. I and III.
D. I, II, and III.

75. The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 prohibits employment of auditors by their clients for what period after their last audit of the client?
A. Indefinitely
B. One year
C. Two years
D. There is no such prohibition.

76. The initials GAAP stand for
A. General Accounting Procedures
B. Generally Accepted Plans
C. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles
D. Generally Accepted Accounting Practices

77. Within the United States, the dominant body in the primary development of accounting principles is the
A. American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA)
B. American Accounting Association (AAA)
C. Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB)
D. Institute of Management Accountants (IMA)

78. The business entity concept means that
A. the owner is part of the business entity
B. an entity is organized according to state or federal statutes
C. an entity is organized according to the rules set by the FASB
D. the entity is an individual economic unit for which data are recorded, analyzed, and reported

79. For accounting purposes, the business entity should be considered separate from its owners if the entity is
A. a corporation
B. a proprietorship
C. a partnership
D. all of the above

80. The objectivity concept requires that
A. business transactions must be consistent with the objectives of the entity
B. the Financial Accounting Standards Board must be fair and unbiased in its deliberations over new accounting standards
C. accounting principles must meet the objectives of the Security and Exchange Commission
D. amounts recorded in the financial statements must be based on independently verifiable evidence

81. Denzel Jones owns and operates Crystal Cleaning Company. Recently, Denzel withdrew $10,000 from Crystal Cleaning, and he contributed $6,000, in his name, to Habitat for Humanity. The contribution of the $6,000 should be recorded on the accounting records of which of the following entities?
A. Crystal Cleaning and Habitat for Humanity
B. Denzel Jones’ personal records and Habitat for Humanity
C. Denzel Jones’ personal records and Crystal Cleaning
D. Denzel Jones’ personal records, Crystal Cleaning, and Habitat for Humanity

82. Equipment with an estimated market value of $30,000 is offered for sale at $45,000. The equipment is acquired for $15,000 in cash and a note payable of $20,000 due in 30 days. The amount used in the buyer’s accounting records to record this acquisition is
A. $30,000
B. $35,000
C. $15,000
D. $45,000

83. Which one of the following is the authoritative body in the United States having the primary responsibility for developing accounting principles?
A. FASB
B. IRS
C. SEC
D. AICPA

84. Which of the following concepts relates to separating the reporting of business and personal economic transactions?
A. Cost Concept
B. Unit of Measure Concept
C. Business Entity Concept
D. Objectivity Concept

85. Donner Company is selling a piece of land adjacent to their business premises. An appraisal reported the market value of the land to be $220,000. The Focus Company initially offered to buy the land for $177,000. The companies settled on a purchase price of $212,000. On the same day, another piece of land on the same block sold for $232,000. Under the cost concept, at what amount should the land be recorded in the accounting records of Focus Company?
A. $177,000
B. $212,000
C. $220,000
D. $232,000

86. Which of the following is not true of accounting principles?
A. Financial accountants follow generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP).
B. Following GAAP allows accounting information users to compare one company to another.
C. A new accounting principle can be adopted with stockholders approval.
D. The Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) has primary responsibility for developing accounting principles.

87. Assets are
A. always lower than liabilities
B. equal to liabilities less owner’s equity
C. the same as expenses because they are acquired with cash
D. financed by the owner and/or creditors

88. Debts owed by a business are referred to as
A. accounts receivables
B. expenses
C. owner’s equity
D. liabilities

89. The accounting equation may be expressed as
A. Assets = Equities – Liabilities
B. Assets + Liabilities = Owner’s Equity
C. Assets = Revenues less Liabilities
D. Assets – Liabilities = Owner’s Equity

90. Which of the following is not an asset?
A. Investments
B. Cash
C. Inventory
D. Owner’s Equity

91. The assets and liabilities of the company are $128,000 and $84,000, respectively. Owner’s equity should equal
A. $212,000
B. $44,000
C. $128,000
D. $84,000

92. If total liabilities decreased by $46,000 during a period of time and owner’s equity increased by $60,000 during the same period, the amount and direction (increase or decrease) of the period’s change in total assets is
A. $106,000 increase
B. $14,000 increase
C. $14,000 decrease
D. $106,000 decrease

93. Which of the following is not a business transaction?
A. make a sales offer
B. sell goods for cash
C. receive cash for services to be rendered later
D. pay for supplies

94. A business paid $7,000 to a creditor in payment of an amount owed. The effect of the transaction on the accounting equation was to
A. increase one asset, decrease another asset
B. decrease an asset, decrease a liability
C. increase an asset, increase a liability
D. increase an asset, increase owner’s equity

95. Earning revenue
A. increases assets, increases owner’s equity.
B. increases assets, decreases owner’s equity
C. increases one asset, decreases another asset
D. decreases assets, increases liabilities

96. The monetary value charged to customers for the performance of services sold is called a(n)
A. asset
B. net income
C. capital
D. revenue

97. Revenues are reported when
A. a contract is signed
B. cash is received from the customer
C. work is begun on the job
D. work is completed on the job

98. Expenses are recorded when
A. cash is paid for services rendered
B. a bill is received in advance of services rendered
C. assets are used in the process of earning revenue
D. none of these

99. Goods purchased on account for future use in the business, such as supplies, are called
A. prepaid liabilities
B. revenues
C. prepaid expenses
D. liabilities

100. The asset created by a business when it makes a sale on account is termed
A. accounts payable
B. prepaid expense
C. unearned revenue
D. accounts receivable

101. The debt created by a business when it makes a purchase on account is referred to as an
A. account payable
B. account receivable
C. asset
D. expense payable

102. If total assets decreased by $88,000 during a period of time and owner’s equity increased by $71,000 during the same period, then the amount and direction (increase or decrease) of the period’s change in total liabilities is
A. $17,000 increase
B. $88,000 decrease
C. $159,000 increase
D. $159,000 decrease

103. Owner’s withdrawals
A. increase expenses
B. decrease expenses
C. increase cash
D. decrease owner’s equity

104. How does paying a liability in cash affect the accounting equation?
A. assets increase; liabilities decrease
B. assets increase; liabilities increase
C. assets decrease; liabilities decrease
D. liabilities decrease; owner’s equity increases

105. How does receiving a bill to be paid next month for services received affect the accounting equation?
A. assets decrease; owner’s equity decreases
B. assets increase; liabilities increase
C. liabilities increase; owner’s equity increases
D. liabilities increase; owner’s equity decreases

106. How does the purchase of equipment by signing a note affect the accounting equation?
A. assets increase; assets decrease
B. assets increase; liabilities decrease
C. assets increase; liabilities increase
D. assets increase; owner’s equity increases

107. Land, originally purchased for $30,000, is sold for $62,000 in cash. What is the effect of the sale on the accounting equation?
A. assets increase $62,000; owner’s equity increases $62,000
B. assets increase $32,000; owner’s equity increases $32,000
C. assets increase $62,000; liabilities decrease $30,000; owner’s equity increases $32,000
D. assets increase $30,000; no change for liabilities; owner’s equity increases $62,000

108. Allen Marks is the sole owner and operator of Great Marks Company. As of the end of its accounting period, December 31, 2013, Great Marks Company has assets of $940,000 and liabilities of $300,000. During 2014, Allen Marks invested an additional $73,000 and withdrew $33,000 from the business. What is the amount of net income during 2014, assuming that as of December 31, 2014, assets were $995,000, and liabilities were $270,000?
A. $ 45,000
B. $ 50,000
C. $106,000
D. $370,000

109. Transactions affecting owner’s equity include
A. owner’s investments and payment of liabilities
B. owner’s investments and owner’s withdrawals, revenues, and expenses
C. owner’s investments, revenues, expenses, and collection of accounts receivable
D. owner’s withdrawals, revenues, expenses, and purchase of supplies on account

110. Clifford Moore is starting his computer programming business and has deposited in initial investment of $15,000 into the business cash account. Identify how the accounting equation will be affected.
A. Increase Assets (Cash) and increase Liabilities (Accounts Payable)
B. Increase Assets (Cash) and increase Owner’s Equity (Clifford Moore, Capital)
C. Increase Assets (Accounts Receivable) and decrease Liabilities (Accounts Payable)
D. Increase Assets (Cash) and increase Assets (Accounts Receivable)

111. Gomez Service Company paid their first installment on their Notes Payable in the amount of $2,000. How will this transaction affect the accounting equation?
A. Increase Liabilities (Notes Payable) and decrease Assets (Cash)
B. Decrease Assets (Cash) and decrease Owner’s equity (Note Payable Expense)
C. Decrease Assets (Cash) and decrease Assets (Notes Receivable)
D. Decrease Assets (Cash) and decrease Liabilities (Notes Payable)

112. Ramon Ramos has withdrawn $750 from Ramos Repair Company’s cash account to deposit in his personal account. How does this transaction affect Ramos Repair Company’s accounting equation?
A. Increase Assets (Accounts Receivable) and decrease Assets (Cash)
B. Decrease Assets (Cash) and decrease Owner’s Equity (Owner’s Withdrawal)
C. Decrease Assets (Cash) and decrease Liabilities (Accounts Payable)
D. Increase Assets (Cash) and decrease Owner’s Equity (Owner’s Withdrawal)

113. Which of the following is not a business transaction?
A. Erin deposits $15,000 in a bank account in the name of Erin’s Lawn Service.
B. Erin provided services to customers earning fees of $600.
C. Erin purchased hedge trimmers for her lawn service agreeing to pay the supplier next month.
D. Erin pays her monthly personal credit card bill.

114. The financial statement that presents a summary of the revenues and expenses of a business for a specific period of time, such as a month or year, is called a(n)
A. prior period statement
B. statement of owner’s equity
C. income statement
D. balance sheet

115. Which of the following financial statements reports information as of a specific date?
A. income statement
B. statement of owner’s equity
C. statement of cash flows
D. balance sheet

116. Four financial statements are usually prepared for a business. The statement of cash flows is usually prepared last. The statement of owner’s equity (OE), the balance sheet (B), and the income statement (I) are prepared in a certain order to obtain information needed for the next statement. In what order are these three statements prepared?
A. I,OE, B
B. B, I, OE
C. OE, I, B
D. B,OE, I

117. Liabilities are reported on the
A. income statement
B. statement of owner’s equity
C. statement of cash flows
D. balance sheet

118. Cash investments made by the owner to the business are reported on the statement of cash flows in the
A. financing activities section
B. investing activities section
C. operating activities section
D. supplemental statement

119. The year-end balance of the owner’s capital account appears in
A. both the statement of owner’s equity and the income statement
B. only the statement of owner’s equity
C. both the statement of owner’s equity and the balance sheet
D. both the statement of owner’s equity and the statement of cash flows

120. A financial statement user would determine if a company was profitable or not during a specific period of time by reviewing
A. the Income Statement.
B. the Balance Sheet.
C. the Statement of Cash Flows.
D. cannot be determined.

121. If the owner wanted to know how money flowed into and out of the company, what financial statement would she use?
A. Income Statement
B. Statement of Cash Flows
C. Balance Sheet
D. None are correct.

122. The asset section of the Balance Sheet normally presents assets in
A. alphabetical order.
B. order of largest to smallest dollar amounts.
C. in the order what will be converted into cash.
D. any order.

123. Countries outside the U.S. use financial accounting standards issued by the:
A. AICPA
B. SEC
C. IASB
D. FASB

124. All of the following statements regarding the ratio of liabilities to owner’s equity are true except:
A. A ratio of 1 indicates that liabilities equal owner’s equity.
B. Corporations can use this ratio but substitute total stockholders’ equity for total owner’s equity.
C. The higher this ratio is, the better able a business is to withstand poor business conditions and pay creditors.
D. The lower this ratio is, the better able a business is to withstand poor business conditions and pay creditors.

125. The unit of measure concept:
A. is only used in the financial statements of manufacturing companies.
B. is not important when applying the cost concept.
C. requires that different units be used for assets and liabilities.
D. requires that economic data be reported in yen in Japan or dollars in the U.S.

126. Given the following data:
Dec. 31,2014 Dec. 31,2013
Total liabilities $128,250 $120,000
Total owner’s equity 95,000 80,000

Compute the ratio of liabilities to owner’s equity for each year. Round to two decimal places.

A. 1.50 and 1.07, respectively
B. 1.35 and 1.50, respectively
C. 1.07 and 1.19, respectively
D. 1.19 and 1.35, respectively

127. Discuss internal and external users of accounting information. What areas of accounting provide them with information? Give an example of the type of report each type of user might use.

128. Companies like Enron, WorldCom, and Tyco International, Ltd. have been caught in the midst of ethical lapses that led to fines, firings, and criminal and/or civil prosecution. List and briefly describe three factors that are responsible for what went wrong in these companies.

129. List the five steps in the process by which accounting provides information to users.

130. What is the major difference between the objective of financial accounting and the objective of managerial accounting?

131. Give the major disadvantage of disregarding the cost concept and constantly revaluing assets based on appraisals and opinions.

132. On May 7, Carpet Barn Company offered to pay $83,000 for land that had a selling price of $105,000. On May 15, Carpet Barn accepted a counteroffer of $95,000. On June 5, the land was assessed at a value of $115,000 for property tax purposes. On December 10, Carpet Barn Company was offered $135,000 for the land by another company. At what value should the land be recorded in Carpet Barn Company’s records?

133. Donner Company is selling a piece of land adjacent to their business. An appraisal reported the market value of the land to be $120,000. The Focus Company initially offered to buy the land for $107,000. The companies settled on a purchase price of $115,000. On the same day, another piece of land on the same block sold for $122,000. Under the cost concept, what is the amount that will be used to record this transaction in the accounting records?

134. Explain the meaning of the business entity concept.

135. Darnell Company purchased $88,000 of computer equipment from Joseph Company. Darnell Company paid for the equipment using cash that had been obtained from the initial investment by Donnie Darnell.

Which entity or entities (Darnell Company, Joseph Company, Donnie Darnell) should record the transaction involving the computer equipment on their accounting records?

136. Explain the meaning of:

(a) the objectivity concept and
(b) the unit of measure concept

137. Doug Miller is the owner and operator of Miller’s Arcade. At the end of its accounting period, December 31, 2010, Miller’s Arcade has assets of $450,000 and liabilities of $125,000. Using the accounting equation, determine the following amounts:
a) Owner’s Equity as of December 31, 2010.
b) Owner’s Equity as of December 31, 2011, assuming that assets increased by $65,000 and liabilities increased by $35,000 during 2011.

138. Determine the missing amount “X” for each of the following:

Assets Liabilities Owner’s Equity
a. $78,500 $37,600 X
b. X $53,280 $145,000
c. $49,500 X $34,000

139. Krammer Company has liabilities equal to one fourth of the total assets. Krammer’s owner’s equity is $45,000. Using the accounting equation, what is the amount of liabilities for Krammer?

140. Daniels Company is owned and operated by Thomas Daniels. The following selected transactions were completed by Daniels Company during May:

1. Received cash from owner as additional investment $55,000.
2. Paid creditors on account $7,000.
3. Billed customers for services on account, $2,565.
4. Received cash from customers on accounts $8,450.
5. Paid cash to owner for personal use, $2,500.
6. Received the utility bill $160, to be paid next month.

Indicate the effect of each transaction on the accounting equation:
1) By Account type – (A)assets, (L)liabilities, (O)owner’s (E)equity, (R)revenue, and (E)expense
2) Name of Account for the entry
3) The amount by of the transaction.
4) Indicate the direction of change in the account that is affected.

Note: Each transaction has two entries.

Entry Entry
Acct Type

(1) Name of Acct

(2) Amount
(3) Increase or Decrease
(4) Acct Type

(1) Name of Acct

(2) Amount
(3) Increase or Decrease
(4)
1
2
3
4
5
6

141. Use the accounting equation to answer each of the independent questions below:

a. At the beginning of the year Norton Company assets were $75,000 and its owner’s equity was $38,000. During the year, assets increased by $18,000 and liabilities increased by $4,000. What was the owner’s equity at the end of the year?

b. At the beginning of the year Turpin Industries had liabilities of $44,000 and owner’s equity of $66,000. If assets increased by $10,000 and liabilities decreased by $5,000, what was the owner’s equity at the end of the year?

142. Collins Landscape Company purchased various landscaping supplies on account to be used for landscape designs for their customers. How will this business transaction affect the accounting equation?

143. Bob Johnson is the sole owner of Johnson’s Carpet Cleaning Service. Bob purchased a personal automobile for $10,000 cash plus he took out a loan for $20,000 in his name. Describe how this transaction is related to the business entity concept.

144. Shiny Kar Company had the following transactions. For each transaction, show the effect on the accounting equation by putting the amount and direction (plus, minus, or NC for no change) in each box of the table below.

Assets Liabilities Owner’s Equity
a. Shiny Kar withdrew $500 cash for food.
b. Shiny Kar Company sold 2 cars for a total of $55,000 on account.
c. The cost of the cars sold in (b) above was $40,000.
d. Shiny Kar received $35,000 payment for a car previously sold on account.
e. Shiny Kar paid $450 for advertising.
f. Shiny Kar purchased $150 of cleaning supplies on account.

145. Ramierez Company received their first electric bill in the amount of $60 which will be paid next month. How will this transaction affect the accounting equation?

146. Jonathan Martin is the owner and operator of Martin Consultants. At December 31, 2011, Martin Consultants has assets of $430,000 and liabilities of $205,000. Using the accounting equation and considering each case independently, determine the following:

a. Jonathan Martin, capital, as of December 31, 2011.
b. Jonathan Martin, capital, as of December 31, 2012, assuming that assets increased by $12,000 and liabilities increased by $15,000 in 2012.
c. Jonathan Martin, capital, as of December 31, 2012, assuming that assets decreased by $8,000 and liabilities increased by $14,000 during 2012.

147. Simpson Auto Body Repair purchased $20,000 of Machinery. The company paid $8,000 in cash at the time of the purchase and signed a promissory note for the remainder to be paid in four monthly installments.

(a) How will the purchase affect the accounting equation?
(b) How will the payment of the first monthly installment affect the accounting equation?

148. On July 1 of the current year, the assets and liabilities of John Wong, DVM, are as follows: Cash, $27,000; Accounts Receivable, $12,300; Supplies, $3,100; Land, $35,000; Accounts Payable, $13,900. What is the amount of owner’s equity (John Wong’s capital) as of July 1 of the current year?

149. Indicate how the following transactions affect the accounting equation:

(a) The purchase of supplies on account.
(b) The purchase of supplies for cash.
(c) A withdraw by the owner to pay personal expenses.
(d) Revenues received in cash.
(e) Revenues received on account.

150. Discuss the characteristics of a LLC (Limited liability company).

151. Kim Hsu is the owner of Hsu’s Financial Services. At the end of its accounting period, December 31, 2011, Hsu’s has assets of $575,000 and owner’s equity of $335,000. Using the accounting equation and considering each case independently, determine the following amounts.

a. Hsu’s liabilities as of December 31, 2011.
b. Hsu’s liabilities as of December 31, 2012, assuming that assets increased by $56,000 and owner’s equity decreased by $32,000.
c. Net income or net loss during 2012, assuming that as of December 31, 2012, assets were $592,000, liabilities were $450,000, and there were no additional investments or withdrawals.

152. a. A vacant lot acquired for $83,000 cash is sold for $127,000 in cash. What is the effect of the sale on the total amount of the seller’s (1) assets, (2) liabilities, and (3) owner’s equity?

b. Assume that the seller owes $52,000 on a loan for the land. After receiving the $127,000 cash in (a), the seller pays the $52,000 owed. What is the effect of the payment on the total amount of the seller’s (1) assets, (2) liabilities, and (3) owner’s equity?

153. Indicate whether each of the following represents an asset, liability, or owner’s equity:

(a) accounts payable
(b) wages expense
(c) capital
(d) accounts receivable
(e) withdrawal
(f) land

154. The Austin Land Company sold land for $85,000 in cash. The land was originally purchased for $65,000. At the time of the sale, $40,000 was still owed to Regions Bank. After the sale, The Austin Land Company paid off the loan. Explain the effect of the sale and the payoff of the loan on the accounting equation.

155. Given the following: Beginning capital $ 58,000
Ending capital $ 30,000
Owner’s withdrawals $ 25,000

Calculate net income or net loss.

156. The accountant for Franklin Company prepared the following list of account balances from the company’s records for the year ended December 31, 2011:

Fees Earned $165,000 Cash $ 30,000
Accounts Receivable 14,000 Selling Expenses 44,000
Equipment 64,000 Franklin, Capital 27,000
Accounts Payable 12,000 Interest Income 3,000
Salaries & Wages Expense 40,000 Prepaid Rent 2,000
Income Taxes Payable 5,000 Income Taxes Expense 18,000
Notes Payable 20,000 Rent Expense 20,000
Determine the total assets at the end of 2011 for Franklin Company.

157. The accountant for Franklin Company prepared the following list of account balances from the company’s records for the year ended December 31, 2011:

Fees Earned $165,000 Cash $ 30,000
Accounts Receivable 14,000 Selling Expenses 44,000
Equipment 64,000 Franklin, Capital 27,000
Accounts Payable 12,000 Interest Income 3,000
Salaries & Wages Expense 40,000 Prepaid Rent 2,000
Income Taxes Payable 5,000 Income Taxes Expense 18,000
Notes Payable 20,000 Rent Expense 20,000
Determine the total liabilities at the end of 2011 for Franklin Company.

158. The accountant for Franklin Company prepared the following list of account balances from the company’s records for the year ended December 31, 2011:

Fees Earned $165,000 Cash $ 30,000
Accounts Receivable 14,000 Selling Expenses 44,000
Equipment 64,000 Franklin, Capital 27,000
Accounts Payable 12,000 Interest Income 3,000
Salaries & Wages Expense 40,000 Prepaid Rent 2,000
Income Taxes Payable 5,000 Income Taxes Expense 18,000
Notes Payable 20,000 Rent Expense 20,000
Based on this information, is Franklin Company profitable? Explain your answer.

159. The assets and liabilities of Amos Moving Services at March 31, 2014, the end of the current year, and its revenue and expenses for the year are listed below. The capital of the owner was $180,000 at April 1, 2013, the beginning of the current year. Mr. Amos invested an additional $25,000 in the business during the year.

Accounts Payable $2,000 Miscellaneous Expense $1,030
Accounts Receivable $10,340 Office Expense $1,240
Cash $21,420 Supplies $1,670
Fees Earned $73,450 Wages Expense $23,550
Land $47,000 Drawing $16,570
Building $157,630
Prepare an income statement for the current year ended March 31, 2014.

160. The assets and liabilities of Amos Moving Services at March 31, 2014, the end of the current year, and its revenue and expenses for the year are listed below. The capital of the owner was $180,000 at April 1, 2013, the beginning of the current year. Mr. Amos invested an additional $25,000 in the business during the year.

Accounts Payable $2,000 Miscellaneous Expense $1,030
Accounts Receivable $10,340 Office Expense $1,240
Cash $21,420 Supplies $1,670
Fees Earned $73,450 Wages Expense $23,550
Land $47,000 Drawing $16,570
Building $157,630

Prepare a statement of owner’s equity for the current year ended March 31, 2014.

161. The assets and liabilities of Amos Moving Services at March 31, 2014, the end of the current year, and its revenue and expenses for the year are listed below. The capital of the owner was $180,000 at April 1, 2013, the beginning of the current year. Mr. Amos invested an additional $25,000 in the business during the year.

Accounts Payable $2,000 Miscellaneous Expense $1,030
Accounts Receivable $10,340 Office Expense $1,240
Cash $21,420 Supplies $1,670
Fees Earned $73,450 Wages Expense $23,550
Land $47,000 Drawing $16,570
Building $157,630
Prepare a balance sheet for the current year ended March 31, 2014.

162. A summary of cash flows for Alex Design Services for the year ended December 31, 2012, is shown below.

Cash receipts:
Cash received from customers $83,990
Cash received from additional investment by owner 25,000

Cash payments:
Cash paid for expenses $27,000
Cash paid for land 47,000
Cash paid for supplies 410
Drawing 5,000

The cash balance as of January 1, 2012 $40,600

Prepare a statement of cash flows for Alex Design Services for the year ended December 31, 2012.

163. The total assets and the total liabilities of a business at the beginning and at the end of the year appear below. During the year, the owner had withdrawn $55,000 for personal use and had made an additional investment of $33,000 in the business.

Assets Liabilities
Beginning of year $305,000 $200,000
End of year 365,000 230,000

Calculate the net income for the year.

164. What information does the Income Statement give to business users?

165. What are the three sections of the Statement of Cash Flows?

166. Match the following accounts to the financial statement where they can be found. (Hint: Some of the accounts can be found in more than one financial statement.)

A. Balance Sheet
B. Income Statement
C. Statement of Cash Flows
D. Statement of Owner’s Equity

# Account
1. Withdrawals
2. Revenues
3. Supplies
4. Land
5. Accounts Payable
6. Accounts Receivable
7. Operating Activities
8. Wages Expense
9. Net Income
10. Cash

167. Name and describe the four primary financial statements for a proprietorship.

168. There are four transactions that affect Owner’s equity.

(a) What are the two types of transactions that increase Owner’s equity?
(b) What are the two types of transactions that decrease Owner’s equity?

169. A summary of cash flows for Lopez Wedding Planning for the year ended December 31, 2011 is shown below.

Cash receipts:
Cash received from customers $57,360
Cash received from bank loan 15,000

Cash payments:
Cash paid for operating expenses $12,120
Cash paid for equipment 18,070
Cash paid for party supplies 9,480
Drawing 12,000

The cash balance as of January 1, 2011 $15,580

Prepare a statement of cash flows for Lopez Wedding Planning for the year ended December 31, 2011.

170. Explain the interrelationship between the Balance Sheet and the Statement of Cash Flows.

171. The following data were taken from Harrison Company’s balance sheet:
Dec. 31, 2012 Dec. 31, 2011
Total liabilities $150,000 $105,000
Total owner’s equity 75,000 60,000

a. Compute the ratio of liabilities to owner’s equity.

b. Has the creditors’ risk increased or decreased from December 31, 2011, to December 31, 2012?

172. Company G has a ratio of liabilities to stockholders’ equity of 0.12 and 0.28 for 2010 and 2011, respectively. In contrast, Company M has a ratio of liabilities to stockholders’ equity of 1.13 and 1.29 for the same period.

REQUIRED:
Based on this information, which company’s creditors are more at risk and why? Should the creditors of either company fear the risk of nonpayment?

173. Given the following data:
Dec. 31,2014 Dec. 31,2013
Total liabilities $128,250 $120,000
Total owner’s equity 95,000 80,000

a. Compute the ratio of liabilities to owner’s equity for each year.
b. Has the creditors’ risk increased or decreased from December 31, 2013, to December 31, 2014?

174. The assets and liabilities of S&P Day Spa at December 31, 2014 and expenses for the year are listed below. The capital of the owner was $68,000 at January 1, 2014. The owner invested an additional $10,000 during the year. Net income for 2014 is $45,625.

Accounts Payable $4,375 Spa Operating Expense $23,760
Accounts Receivable $8,490 Office Expense $2,470
Cash $13,980 Spa Supplies $9,230
Fees Earned ??? Wages Expense $26,580
Spa Furniture & Equipment $56,000 Drawing $38,170
Computers $2,130
Prepare an income statement for the current year ended December 31, 2014.

175. The assets and liabilities of S&P Day Spa at December 31, 2014 and its revenue and expenses for the year are listed below. The capital of the owner is $68,000 at December 31, 2014. The owner invested an additional $10,000 during the year.

Accounts Payable $4,375 Spa Operating Expense $23,760
Accounts Receivable $8,490 Office Expense $2,470
Cash $13,980 Spa Supplies $9,230
Fees Earned $98,435 Wages Expense $26,580
Spa Furniture & Equipment $56,000 Drawing $38,170
Computers $2,130

Determine the capital of the owner at January 1, 2014 (Hint: Calculate the increase/decrease in owner’s equity first.). Prepare a statement of owner’s equity for the current year ended December 31, 2014.

176. The assets and liabilities of S&P Day Spa at December 31, 2014 and its revenue and expenses for the year are listed below. The capital of the owner was $68,000 at January 1, 2014. The owner invested an additional $10,000 during the year.

Accounts Payable $4,375 Spa Operating Expense $23,760
Accounts Receivable $8,490 Office Expense $2,470
Cash ??? Spa Supplies $9,230
Fees Earned $98,435 Wages Expense $26,580
Spa Furniture & Equipment $56,000 Drawing $38,170
Computers $2,130

Prepare a balance sheet for the year ended December 31, 2014.

177. For each of the following companies, identify whether they are a service, merchandising, or manufacturing business.

A. Dillards
B. Time Warner Cable
C. General Motors
D. Blockbuster
E. Applebee’s
F. Sony
G. Best Buy
H. Banana Republic
I. H & R Block

178. Identify each of the following as either internal or external users of accounting information.

A. Payroll Manager
B. Bank
C. President’s Secretary
D. Internal Revenue Service
E. Raw Material Vendors
F. Social Security Administration
G. Health Insurance Provider
H. Managerial Accountant

179. Determine the missing amount for each of the following:

Assets Liabilities Owner’s Equity
(a) $38,000 $45,000
$30,000 (b) $22,000
$53,000 $ 32,000 (c)

180. Identify each of the following as an (1) increase in owner’s equity, or a (2) decrease in owner’s equity.

(a) Fees Earned
(b) Wages Expense
(c) Withdrawal
(d) Lawn Care Revenue
(e) Investment
(f) Supplies Expense

181. Selected transactions completed by a proprietorship are described below. Indicate the effects of each transaction on assets, liabilities, and owner’s equity by inserting “+” for increase and “-” for decrease in the appropriate columns at the right. If appropriate, you may insert more than one symbol in a column.

A L OE
(a) Received cash from owner as an additional investment _____ _____ _____
(b) Purchased supplies on account _____ _____ _____
(c) Paid rent for the current month _____ _____ _____
(d) Received cash for services sold to customers _____ _____ _____
(e) Returned some defective supplies purchased in (b) _____ _____ _____
(f) Paid insurance premiums in advance _____ _____ _____
(g) Paid cash to creditor for purchases in (b) _____ _____ _____
(h) Charged customers for services sold on account _____ _____ _____
(i) Paid cash to a customer as a refund for an overcharge _____ _____ _____
(j) Received cash on account from customers _____ _____ _____
(k) Owner withdrew cash for personal use _____ _____ _____
(l) Recorded the cost of supplies used during the year _____ _____ _____
(m) Received invoice for electricity used _____ _____ _____
(n) Paid wages _____ _____ _____
(o) Purchased a truck for cash _____ _____ _____

182. From the following list of accounts taken from Lamar’s accounting records, identify those that would appear on the Income Statement.

(a) Rent Expense
(b) Land
(c) Capital
(d) Fees Earned
(e) Withdrawal
(f) Wages Expense
(g) Investment

183. Identify which of the following accounts appear on a balance sheet.

(a) Cash
(b) Fees Earned
(c) Joe Brown, Capital
(d) Wages Payable
(e) Rent Expense
(f) Prepaid Advertising
(g) Land

184. Indicate whether each of the following activities would be reported on the Statement of Cash Flows as an Operating Activity, an Investing Activity, a Financing Activity, or does not appear on the Cash Flow Statement.

(a) Cash paid for building
(b) Cash paid to suppliers
(c) Cash paid for owner’s withdrawal
(d) Cash received from customers
(e) Cash received from the owner’s investment
(f) Cash received from the sale of a building
(g) Borrowed cash from a bank

185. For each of the following, determine the amount of net income or net loss for the year.

(a) Revenues for the year totaled $71,300 and expenses totaled $35,500. The owner made an additional investment of $15,000 during the year.
(b) Revenues for the year totaled $220,500 and expenses totaled $175,000. The owner withdrew $40,000 during the year.
(c) Revenues for the year totaled $149,000 and expenses totaled $172,000. The owner invested an additional $12,000 and withdrew $16,000 during the year.
(d) Revenues for Konner Co. totaled $198,150 and expenses totaled $174,200. Cash withdrawals of $35,000 were paid during the year.

186. The total assets and total liabilities of Paul’s Pools, a proprietorship, at the beginning and at the end of the current fiscal year are as follows:

Jan. 1 Dec. 31
Total assets $280,000 $475,000
Total liabilities 205,000 130,000

(a) Determine the amount of net income earned during the year. The owner did not invest any additional assets in the business during the year and made no withdrawals.
(b) Determine the amount of net income during the year. The assets and liabilities at the beginning and at the end of the year are unchanged from the amounts presented above. However, the owner withdrew $53,000 in cash during the year (no additional investments).
(c) Determine the amount of net income earned during the year. The assets and liabilities at the beginning and at the end of the year are unchanged from the amounts presented above. However, the owner invested an additional $35,000 in cash in the business in June of the current fiscal year (no withdrawals).
(d) Determine the amount of net income earned during the year. The assets and liabilities at the beginning and at the end of the year are unchanged from the amounts presented above. However, the owner invested an additional $12,000 in cash in August of the current fiscal year and made twelve monthly cash withdrawals of $1,500 each during the year.

187. Selected transaction data of a business for September are summarized below. Determine the following amounts for September: (a) total revenue, (b) total expenses, (c) net income.

Service sales charged to customers on account during September $33,000
Cash received from cash customers for services performed in September 28,000
Cash received from customers on account during September:
Services performed and charged to customers prior to September 13,000
Services performed and charged to customers during September 18,000
Expenses incurred prior to September and paid during September 6,500
Expenses incurred and paid in September 36,250
Expenses incurred in September but not paid in September 5,000
Expenses for supplies used and insurance (not included above) applicable to September 2,000

188. On March 1, 2014, the amount of Norton Cook’s capital in Cook’s Catering Company was $150,000. During March, he withdrew $31,000 from the business. The amounts of the various assets, liabilities, revenues, and expenses are as follows:

Accounts payable $ 10,250
Accounts receivable 45,950
Cash 23,840
Fees earned 64,950
Insurance expense 1,275
Land 85,400
Miscellaneous expense 1,210
Prepaid insurance 3,000
Rent expense 9,000
Salary expense 20,300
Supplies 900
Supplies expense 525
Utilities expense 2,800

Present, in good form, (a) an income statement for March, (b) a statement of owner’s equity for March, and (c) a balance sheet as of March 31.

189. Simpson Designers began operations on April 1, 2011. The financial statements for Simpson Designers are shown below for the month ended April 30, 2011 (the first month of operations). Determine the missing amounts for letters (a) through (o).

Simpson Designers
Income Statement
For the Month Ended April 30, 2011
Fees earned $27,000
Operating expenses:
Wages expense $5,250
Rent expense (a)
Supplies expense 4,600
Utilities expense 400
Miscellaneous expense 1,250
Total operating expenses (b)
Net income $ (c)
Simpson Designers
Statement of Owner’s Equity
For the Month Ended April 30, 2011
Lori Simpson, capital, April 1, 2011 0
Investment on April 1, 2011 $35,000
Net income for April (d)
$ (e)
Less withdrawals 6,000
Increase in owner’s equity (f)
Lori Simpson, capital, April 30, 2011 $38,100
Simpson Designers
Balance Sheet
April 30, 2011
Assets Liabilities
Cash $ (g) Accounts payable $ (i)
Supplies 8,100 Owner’s Equity
Land (h) Lori Simpson, capital (j)
Total assets $55,900 Total liabilities and
owner’s equity $(k)

Simpson Designers
Statement of Cash Flows
For the Month Ended April 30, 2011
Cash flows from operating activities:
Cash received from customers $23,000
Deduct cash payments for expenses and payments to
creditors 4,200
Net cash flow from operating activities $ 18,800
Cash flows from investing activities:
Cash payments for acquisition of land (17,000)
Cash flows from financing activities:
Cash received as owner’s investment $ (l)
Deduct cash withdrawal by owner (m)
Net cash flow from financing activities (n)
Net cash flow and April 30, 2011 cash balance $ (o)

Place your answers in the space provided below. Hint: Use the interrelationships among the financial statements to solve this problem.

(a) ___________
(b) ___________
(c) ___________
(d) ___________
(e) ___________
(f) ___________
(g) ___________
(h) ___________
(i) ___________
(j) ___________
(k) ___________
(l) ___________
(m) ___________
(n) ___________
(o) ___________

190. Eric Wood, CPA, was organized on January 1, 2011, as a proprietorship. List the errors that you find in the following financial statements and prepare the corrected statements for the three months ended March 31, 2011.

Eric Wood, CPA
Income Statement
For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2011
Fees earned $42,000
Operating expenses:
Salary expense $9,735
Rent expense 5,200
Advertising expense 3,950
Utilities expense 3,225
Miscellaneous expense 4,000
Answering service expense 2,550
Supplies expense 4,000
Total operating expenses 28,000
Net income $14,000

Eric Wood, CPA
Statement of Owner’s Equity
March 31, 2011
Eric Wood, capital, January, 1, 2011 $ 0
Investment on January 1, 2011 $20,000
Net income for the 3 months 14,000
36,000
Less withdrawals 5,000
Increase in owner’s equity 31,000
Eric Wood, capital, March 31, 2011 $31,000
Balance Sheet
For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2011
Assets Owner’s Equity
Land $13,000 Eric Wood, Capital $31,000
Cash 10,860 Liabilities
Accounts payable 2,670 Accounts receivable 2,225
Supplies 925 Total liabilities and
Total assets $33,225 owner’s equity $33,225

191. Using the following accounts and their amounts, prepare in good format an Income Statement for Bright Futures Company, month ended August 31, 2011:

Telephone Expense $1,150
Cash $3,000
Accounts Payable $1,540
Jason Bright, Drawing $800
Fees Earned $15,700
Rent Expense $1,400
Supplies $140
Accounts Receivable $1,500
Computer Equipment $20,000
Jason Bright, Capital $14,320
Wages Expense $4,800
Utilities Expense $750
Notes Payable $2,400
Office Expense $420

192. Using the following accounts and their amounts, prepare in good format a Statement of Owner’s Equity for Bright Futures Company, month ended August 31, 2011:

Telephone Expense $1,150
Cash $3,000
Accounts Payable $1,540
Jason Bright, Drawing $800
Fees Earned $15,700
Rent Expense $1,400
Supplies $140
Accounts Receivable $1,500
Computer Equipment $20,000
Jason Bright, Capital $14,320
Wages Expense $4,800
Utilities Expense $750
Notes Payable $2,400
Office Expense $420

193. Using the following accounts and their amounts, prepare in good format a Balance Sheet for Bright Futures Company, month ended August 31, 2011:

Telephone Expense $1,150
Cash $3,000
Accounts Payable $1,540
Jason Bright, Drawing $800
Fees Earned $15,700
Rent Expense $1,400
Supplies $140
Accounts Receivable $1,500
Computer Equipment $20,000
Jason Bright, Capital $14,320
Wages Expense $4,800
Utilities Expense $750
Notes Payable $2,400
Office Expense $420

194. The account balances of Trendsetter Travel Services at December 31, 2014 are listed below:

Accounts Payable $12,000 J. Trendsetter, Capital 1/1/14 $10,000
Accounts Receivable 14,000 Supplies 1,000
Cash 18,000 Taxes Expense 1,300
Computer Equipment 21,000 Utilities Expense 8,000
Fees Earned 78,000 Wages Expense 25,000
Rent Expense 10,000 Supplies Expense 1,700

Prepare an income statement, statement of owner’s equity, and a balance sheet as of December 31, 2014.

195. The accountant for Flagger Company prepared the following list of account balances from the company’s records for the year ended December 31, 2011:

Fees Earned $165,000 Cash $ 30,000
Accounts Receivable 14,000 Selling Expenses 44,000
Equipment 42,000 Flagger, Capital 36,000
Accounts Payable 12,000 Interest Income 3,000
Salaries & Wages Expense 40,000 Rent Expense 51,000
Income Taxes Payable 5,000 Prepaid Rent 2,000
Notes Payable 20,000 Income Taxes Expense 18,000

Prepare an Income Statement for Flagger Company in good form.

196. Schultz Tax Services, a tax preparation business had the following transactions during the month of June:

1. Received cash for providing accounting services, $3,000.
2. Billed customers on account for providing services, $7,000.
3. Paid advertising expense, $800.
4. Received cash from customers on account, $3,800.
5. Owner made a withdrawal, $1,500.
6. Received telephone bill, $220.
7. Paid telephone bill, $220
Based on the information given above, calculate the balance of Cash at June 30. (Hint: Use the following reconcilitation.)

Cash, June 1 $25,000

Plus: cash receipts for June ____________

Minus: cash payments for June ____________

Cash, June 30 ____________
Chapter 1–Introduction to Accounting and Business Key

1. The main objective of a not-for-profit business is not to make a profit.
FALSE

2. An example of an external user of accounting information is the federal government.
TRUE

3. A corporation is a business that is legally separate and distinct from its owners.
TRUE

4. About 90% of the businesses in the United States are organized as corporations.
FALSE

5. The role of accounting is to provide many different users with financial information to make economic decisions.
TRUE

6. Proprietorships are owned by one owner and provide only services to their customers.
FALSE

7. Only large companies such as Wal-Mart, JCP, General Motors, and the Bank of America can be organized as corporations.
FALSE

8. Accounting information users need reports about the economic activities and condition of businesses.
TRUE

9. Senior executives cannot be criminally prosecuted for the wrong doings they commit on behalf of the companies where they work.
FALSE

10. The primary role of accounting is to determine the amount of taxes a business will be required to pay to taxing entities.
FALSE

11. An account receivable is typically classified as a revenue.
FALSE

12. Managerial accounting information is used by external and internal users equally.
FALSE

13. Financial accounting provides information to all users, while the main focus for managerial accounting is to provide information to the management.
TRUE

14. Proper ethical conduct implies that you only consider what’s in your best interest.
FALSE

15. Some of the major fraudulent acts by senior executives started as what they considered to be small ethical lapses which grew out of control.
TRUE

16. Two factors that typically lead to ethical violations are relevance and timeliness of accounting information.
FALSE

17. A business is an organization in where basic resources or inputs, like materials and labor, are assembled and processed to provide outputs in the form of goods or services to customers.
TRUE

18. The Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) is the authoritative body that has primary responsibility for developing accounting principles.
TRUE

19. The cost concept is the basis for entering the exchange price into the accounting records.
TRUE

20. The unit of measurement concept requires that economic data be recorded in a common unit of measurement.
TRUE

21. If a building is appraised for $85,000, offered for sale at $90,000, and the buyer pays $80,000 cash for it, the buyer would record the building at $85,000.
FALSE

22. Generally accepted accounting principles regulate how and what financial information is reported by businesses.
TRUE

23. The accounting equation can be expressed as Assets – Liabilities = Owner’s Equity.
TRUE

24. The rights or claims to the assets of a business may be subdivided into rights of creditors and rights of owners.
TRUE

25. The owner’s rights to the assets rank ahead of the creditors’ rights to the assets.
FALSE

26. If the liabilities owed by a business total $300,000 and owners equity is equal to $300,000, then the assets also total $300,000.
FALSE

27. If total assets decreased by $30,000 during a specific period and owner’s equity decreased by $35,000 during the same period, the period’s change in total liabilities was an $65,000 increase.
FALSE

28. If total assets increased by $190,000 during a specific period and liabilities decreased by $10,000 during the same period, the period’s change in total owner’s equity was a $200,000 increase.
TRUE

29. If net income for a proprietorship was $50,000, the owner withdrew $20,000 in cash and the owner invested $10,000 in cash, the capital of the owner increased by $40,000.
TRUE

30. An account receivable is a claim against a customer arising from a sale on account.
TRUE

31. Paying an account payable increases liabilities and decreases assets.
FALSE

32. Receiving payments on an account receivable increases both equity and assets.
FALSE

33. Cash withdrawals by owners decrease assets and increase equity.
FALSE

34. Purchasing supplies on account increases liabilities and decreases equity.
FALSE

35. Receiving a bill or otherwise being notified that an amount is owed is not recorded until the amount is paid.
FALSE

36. Revenue is earned only when money is received.
FALSE

37. Expenses are assets that are used up during the process of earning revenue.
TRUE

38. The excess of revenue over the expenses incurred in earning the revenue is called capital.
FALSE

39. The principal financial statements of a proprietorship are the income statement, statement of owner’s equity, and the balance sheet.
FALSE

40. An income statement is a summary of the revenues and expenses of a business as of a specific date.
FALSE

41. A statement of owner’s equity reports the changes in the owner’s equity for a period of time.
TRUE

42. The statement of cash flows consists of three sections: cash flows from operating activities, cash flows from income activities, and cash flows from equity activities.
FALSE

43. The financial statements of a proprietorship should include the owner’s personal assets and liabilities.
FALSE

44. The balance sheet represents the accounting equation.
TRUE

45. An example of a general-purpose financial statement would be a report about projected price increases related to transportation costs.
FALSE

46. No significant differences exist between the accounting standards issued by the FASB and the IASB.
FALSE

47. The Sarbanes-Oxley Act prohibits CPAs from providing nonaudit investment banking services.
TRUE

48. The main objective for all business is to maximize unrealized profits.
FALSE

49. The basic difference between manufacturing and merchandising companies is the completion level of the products they purchase for resale to customers.
TRUE

50. Net income and net profit do not mean the same thing.
FALSE

51. Profit is the difference between
A. assets and liabilities
B. the incoming cash and outgoing cash
C. the assets purchased with cash contributed by the owner and the cash spent to operate the business
D. the amounts received from customers for goods or services and the amounts paid for
the inputs used to provide the goods or services.

52. Most businesses in the United States are
A. proprietorships
B. partnerships
C. corporations
D. co-operatives

53. Which of the items below is not a business entity?
A. entrepreneurship
B. proprietorship
C. partnership
D. corporation

54. An entity that is organized according to state or federal statutes and in which ownership is divided into shares of stock is a
A. proprietorship
B. corporation
C. partnership
D. governmental unit

55. Financial reports are used by
A. management
B. creditors
C. investors
D. all are correct

56. Which of the following best describes accounting?
A. records economic data but does not communicate the data to users according to any specific rules.
B. is an information system that provides reports to users regarding economic activities and condition of a business.
C. is of no use by individuals outside of the business.
D. is used only for filling out tax returns and for financial statements for various type of governmental reporting requirements.

57. Two common areas of accounting that respectively provide information to internal and external users are:
A. forensic accounting and financial accounting
B. managerial accounting and financial accounting
C. managerial accounting and environmental accounting
D. financial accounting and tax accounting systems

58. Which type of accountant typically practices as an individual or as a member of a public accounting firm?
A. Certified Public Accountant
B. Certified Payroll Professional
C. Certified Internal Auditor
D. Certified Management Accountant

59. All of the following are general-purpose financial statements except:
A. balance sheet
B. income statement
C. statement of owner’s equity
D. cash budget

60. Which of the following is a manufacturing business?
A. Amazon.com.
B. Wal-Mart.
C. Ford Motors.
D. Delta Airlines

61. Which of the following group of companies are all examples of a merchandising business?
A. Delta Airlines, Marriott, Gap
B. Gap, Amazon, NIKE
C. GameStop, Sony, Dell
D. GameStop, Best Buy, Gap

62. Which of the following would not normally operate as a service business?
A. Pet Groomers
B. Grocers
C. Lawn Care Company
D. Styling Salon

63. Select the type of business that is most likely to obtain large amounts of resources by issuing stock.
A. Partnership
B. Corporation
C. Proprietorship
D. None are correct.

64. Which of the following is true in regards to a Limited Liability Company?
A. Makes up 10% of business organizations in the United States.
B. Combines the attributes of a partnership and a corporation.
C. Provides tax and liability advantages to the owners.
D. All are correct.

65. On April 25, Gregg Repair Service extended an offer of $115,000 for land that had been priced for sale at $140,000. On May 3, Gregg Repair Service accepted the seller’s counteroffer of $125,000. On June 20, the land was assessed at a value of $95,000 for property tax purposes. On August 4, Gregg Repair Service was offered $150,000 for the land by a national retail chain. At what value should the land be recorded in Gregg Repair Service’s records?
A. $115,000
B. $95,000
C. $140,000
D. $125,000

66. Which of the following groups are considered to be internal users of accounting information?
A. Employees and customers
B. Customers and vendors
C. Employees and managers
D. Government and banks

67. The following are examples of external users of accounting information except:
A. government
B. customers
C. creditors
D. all of the above

68. Due to various fraudulent business practices and accounting coverups in the early 2000’s, Congress enacted the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. The Act was responsible for establishing a new oversight board for public accountants called the
A. Generally Accepted Accounting Practices for Public Accountants Board.
B. Public Company Accounting Oversight Board.
C. Congressional Accounting Oversight Board.
D. None are correct.

69. Which of the following is the best description of accounting’s role in business?
A. Accounting provides stockholders with information regarding the market value of the company’s stocks.
B. Accounting provides information to managers to operate the business and to other users to make decisions regarding the economic condition of the company.
C. Accounting helps in decreasing the credit risk of the company.
D. Accounting is not responsible for providing any form of information to users. That is the role of the Information Systems Department.

70. Managerial accountants would be responsible for providing the following information:
A. Tax reports to government agencies.
B. Profit reports to owners and management.
C. Expansion of a product line report to management.
D. Consumer reports to customers.

71. Which of the following is not a certification for accountants?
A. CIA
B. CMA
C. CISA
D. All are certifications.

72. Which of the following isnot a characteristic of a corporation?
A. Corporations are organized as a separate legal taxable entity
B. Ownership is divided into shares of stock.
C. Corporations experience an ease in obtaining large amounts of resources by issuing stock.
D. A corporation’s resources are limited to their individual owners’ resources.

73. Which of the following is not a role of accounting in business?
A. To provide reports to users about the economic activities and conditions of a business.
B. To personally guarantee loans of the business.
C. To provide information to other users to determine the economic performance and condition of the business.
D. To assess the various informational needs of users and design its accounting system to meet those needs.

74. Which of the following are guidelines for behaving ethically?
I. Identify the consequences of a decision and its effect on others.
II. Consider your obligations and responsibilities to those affected by the decision.
III. Identify your decision based on personal standards of honesty and fairness.

A. I and II.
B. II and III.
C. I and III.
D. I, II, and III.

75. The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 prohibits employment of auditors by their clients for what period after their last audit of the client?
A. Indefinitely
B. One year
C. Two years
D. There is no such prohibition.

76. The initials GAAP stand for
A. General Accounting Procedures
B. Generally Accepted Plans
C. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles
D. Generally Accepted Accounting Practices

77. Within the United States, the dominant body in the primary development of accounting principles is the
A. American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA)
B. American Accounting Association (AAA)
C. Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB)
D. Institute of Management Accountants (IMA)

78. The business entity concept means that
A. the owner is part of the business entity
B. an entity is organized according to state or federal statutes
C. an entity is organized according to the rules set by the FASB
D. the entity is an individual economic unit for which data are recorded, analyzed, and reported

79. For accounting purposes, the business entity should be considered separate from its owners if the entity is
A. a corporation
B. a proprietorship
C. a partnership
D. all of the above

80. The objectivity concept requires that
A. business transactions must be consistent with the objectives of the entity
B. the Financial Accounting Standards Board must be fair and unbiased in its deliberations over new accounting standards
C. accounting principles must meet the objectives of the Security and Exchange Commission
D. amounts recorded in the financial statements must be based on independently verifiable evidence

81. Denzel Jones owns and operates Crystal Cleaning Company. Recently, Denzel withdrew $10,000 from Crystal Cleaning, and he contributed $6,000, in his name, to Habitat for Humanity. The contribution of the $6,000 should be recorded on the accounting records of which of the following entities?
A. Crystal Cleaning and Habitat for Humanity
B. Denzel Jones’ personal records and Habitat for Humanity
C. Denzel Jones’ personal records and Crystal Cleaning
D. Denzel Jones’ personal records, Crystal Cleaning, and Habitat for Humanity

82. Equipment with an estimated market value of $30,000 is offered for sale at $45,000. The equipment is acquired for $15,000 in cash and a note payable of $20,000 due in 30 days. The amount used in the buyer’s accounting records to record this acquisition is
A. $30,000
B. $35,000
C. $15,000
D. $45,000

83. Which one of the following is the authoritative body in the United States having the primary responsibility for developing accounting principles?
A. FASB
B. IRS
C. SEC
D. AICPA

84. Which of the following concepts relates to separating the reporting of business and personal economic transactions?
A. Cost Concept
B. Unit of Measure Concept
C. Business Entity Concept
D. Objectivity Concept

85. Donner Company is selling a piece of land adjacent to their business premises. An appraisal reported the market value of the land to be $220,000. The Focus Company initially offered to buy the land for $177,000. The companies settled on a purchase price of $212,000. On the same day, another piece of land on the same block sold for $232,000. Under the cost concept, at what amount should the land be recorded in the accounting records of Focus Company?
A. $177,000
B. $212,000
C. $220,000
D. $232,000

86. Which of the following is not true of accounting principles?
A. Financial accountants follow generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP).
B. Following GAAP allows accounting information users to compare one company to another.
C. A new accounting principle can be adopted with stockholders approval.
D. The Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) has primary responsibility for developing accounting principles.

87. Assets are
A. always lower than liabilities
B. equal to liabilities less owner’s equity
C. the same as expenses because they are acquired with cash
D. financed by the owner and/or creditors

88. Debts owed by a business are referred to as
A. accounts receivables
B. expenses
C. owner’s equity
D. liabilities

89. The accounting equation may be expressed as
A. Assets = Equities – Liabilities
B. Assets + Liabilities = Owner’s Equity
C. Assets = Revenues less Liabilities
D. Assets – Liabilities = Owner’s Equity

90. Which of the following is not an asset?
A. Investments
B. Cash
C. Inventory
D. Owner’s Equity

91. The assets and liabilities of the company are $128,000 and $84,000, respectively. Owner’s equity should equal
A. $212,000
B. $44,000
C. $128,000
D. $84,000

92. If total liabilities decreased by $46,000 during a period of time and owner’s equity increased by $60,000 during the same period, the amount and direction (increase or decrease) of the period’s change in total assets is
A. $106,000 increase
B. $14,000 increase
C. $14,000 decrease
D. $106,000 decrease

93. Which of the following is not a business transaction?
A. make a sales offer
B. sell goods for cash
C. receive cash for services to be rendered later
D. pay for supplies

94. A business paid $7,000 to a creditor in payment of an amount owed. The effect of the transaction on the accounting equation was to
A. increase one asset, decrease another asset
B. decrease an asset, decrease a liability
C. increase an asset, increase a liability
D. increase an asset, increase owner’s equity

95. Earning revenue
A. increases assets, increases owner’s equity.
B. increases assets, decreases owner’s equity
C. increases one asset, decreases another asset
D. decreases assets, increases liabilities

96. The monetary value charged to customers for the performance of services sold is called a(n)
A. asset
B. net income
C. capital
D. revenue

97. Revenues are reported when
A. a contract is signed
B. cash is received from the customer
C. work is begun on the job
D. work is completed on the job

98. Expenses are recorded when
A. cash is paid for services rendered
B. a bill is received in advance of services rendered
C. assets are used in the process of earning revenue
D. none of these

99. Goods purchased on account for future use in the business, such as supplies, are called
A. prepaid liabilities
B. revenues
C. prepaid expenses
D. liabilities

100. The asset created by a business when it makes a sale on account is termed
A. accounts payable
B. prepaid expense
C. unearned revenue
D. accounts receivable

101. The debt created by a business when it makes a purchase on account is referred to as an
A. account payable
B. account receivable
C. asset
D. expense payable

102. If total assets decreased by $88,000 during a period of time and owner’s equity increased by $71,000 during the same period, then the amount and direction (increase or decrease) of the period’s change in total liabilities is
A. $17,000 increase
B. $88,000 decrease
C. $159,000 increase
D. $159,000 decrease

103. Owner’s withdrawals
A. increase expenses
B. decrease expenses
C. increase cash
D. decrease owner’s equity

104. How does paying a liability in cash affect the accounting equation?
A. assets increase; liabilities decrease
B. assets increase; liabilities increase
C. assets decrease; liabilities decrease
D. liabilities decrease; owner’s equity increases

105. How does receiving a bill to be paid next month for services received affect the accounting equation?
A. assets decrease; owner’s equity decreases
B. assets increase; liabilities increase
C. liabilities increase; owner’s equity increases
D. liabilities increase; owner’s equity decreases

106. How does the purchase of equipment by signing a note affect the accounting equation?
A. assets increase; assets decrease
B. assets increase; liabilities decrease
C. assets increase; liabilities increase
D. assets increase; owner’s equity increases

107. Land, originally purchased for $30,000, is sold for $62,000 in cash. What is the effect of the sale on the accounting equation?
A. assets increase $62,000; owner’s equity increases $62,000
B. assets increase $32,000; owner’s equity increases $32,000
C. assets increase $62,000; liabilities decrease $30,000; owner’s equity increases $32,000
D. assets increase $30,000; no change for liabilities; owner’s equity increases $62,000

108. Allen Marks is the sole owner and operator of Great Marks Company. As of the end of its accounting period, December 31, 2013, Great Marks Company has assets of $940,000 and liabilities of $300,000. During 2014, Allen Marks invested an additional $73,000 and withdrew $33,000 from the business. What is the amount of net income during 2014, assuming that as of December 31, 2014, assets were $995,000, and liabilities were $270,000?
A. $ 45,000
B. $ 50,000
C. $106,000
D. $370,000

109. Transactions affecting owner’s equity include
A. owner’s investments and payment of liabilities
B. owner’s investments and owner’s withdrawals, revenues, and expenses
C. owner’s investments, revenues, expenses, and collection of accounts receivable
D. owner’s withdrawals, revenues, expenses, and purchase of supplies on account

110. Clifford Moore is starting his computer programming business and has deposited in initial investment of $15,000 into the business cash account. Identify how the accounting equation will be affected.
A. Increase Assets (Cash) and increase Liabilities (Accounts Payable)
B. Increase Assets (Cash) and increase Owner’s Equity (Clifford Moore, Capital)
C. Increase Assets (Accounts Receivable) and decrease Liabilities (Accounts Payable)
D. Increase Assets (Cash) and increase Assets (Accounts Receivable)

111. Gomez Service Company paid their first installment on their Notes Payable in the amount of $2,000. How will this transaction affect the accounting equation?
A. Increase Liabilities (Notes Payable) and decrease Assets (Cash)
B. Decrease Assets (Cash) and decrease Owner’s equity (Note Payable Expense)
C. Decrease Assets (Cash) and decrease Assets (Notes Receivable)
D. Decrease Assets (Cash) and decrease Liabilities (Notes Payable)

112. Ramon Ramos has withdrawn $750 from Ramos Repair Company’s cash account to deposit in his personal account. How does this transaction affect Ramos Repair Company’s accounting equation?
A. Increase Assets (Accounts Receivable) and decrease Assets (Cash)
B. Decrease Assets (Cash) and decrease Owner’s Equity (Owner’s Withdrawal)
C. Decrease Assets (Cash) and decrease Liabilities (Accounts Payable)
D. Increase Assets (Cash) and decrease Owner’s Equity (Owner’s Withdrawal)

113. Which of the following is not a business transaction?
A. Erin deposits $15,000 in a bank account in the name of Erin’s Lawn Service.
B. Erin provided services to customers earning fees of $600.
C. Erin purchased hedge trimmers for her lawn service agreeing to pay the supplier next month.
D. Erin pays her monthly personal credit card bill.

114. The financial statement that presents a summary of the revenues and expenses of a business for a specific period of time, such as a month or year, is called a(n)
A. prior period statement
B. statement of owner’s equity
C. income statement
D. balance sheet

115. Which of the following financial statements reports information as of a specific date?
A. income statement
B. statement of owner’s equity
C. statement of cash flows
D. balance sheet

116. Four financial statements are usually prepared for a business. The statement of cash flows is usually prepared last. The statement of owner’s equity (OE), the balance sheet (B), and the income statement (I) are prepared in a certain order to obtain information needed for the next statement. In what order are these three statements prepared?
A. I,OE, B
B. B, I, OE
C. OE, I, B
D. B,OE, I

117. Liabilities are reported on the
A. income statement
B. statement of owner’s equity
C. statement of cash flows
D. balance sheet

118. Cash investments made by the owner to the business are reported on the statement of cash flows in the
A. financing activities section
B. investing activities section
C. operating activities section
D. supplemental statement

119. The year-end balance of the owner’s capital account appears in
A. both the statement of owner’s equity and the income statement
B. only the statement of owner’s equity
C. both the statement of owner’s equity and the balance sheet
D. both the statement of owner’s equity and the statement of cash flows

120. A financial statement user would determine if a company was profitable or not during a specific period of time by reviewing
A. the Income Statement.
B. the Balance Sheet.
C. the Statement of Cash Flows.
D. cannot be determined.

121. If the owner wanted to know how money flowed into and out of the company, what financial statement would she use?
A. Income Statement
B. Statement of Cash Flows
C. Balance Sheet
D. None are correct.

122. The asset section of the Balance Sheet normally presents assets in
A. alphabetical order.
B. order of largest to smallest dollar amounts.
C. in the order what will be converted into cash.
D. any order.

123. Countries outside the U.S. use financial accounting standards issued by the:
A. AICPA
B. SEC
C. IASB
D. FASB

124. All of the following statements regarding the ratio of liabilities to owner’s equity are true except:
A. A ratio of 1 indicates that liabilities equal owner’s equity.
B. Corporations can use this ratio but substitute total stockholders’ equity for total owner’s equity.
C. The higher this ratio is, the better able a business is to withstand poor business conditions and pay creditors.
D. The lower this ratio is, the better able a business is to withstand poor business conditions and pay creditors.

125. The unit of measure concept:
A. is only used in the financial statements of manufacturing companies.
B. is not important when applying the cost concept.
C. requires that different units be used for assets and liabilities.
D. requires that economic data be reported in yen in Japan or dollars in the U.S.

126. Given the following data:
Dec. 31,2014 Dec. 31,2013
Total liabilities $128,250 $120,000
Total owner’s equity 95,000 80,000

Compute the ratio of liabilities to owner’s equity for each year. Round to two decimal places.

A. 1.50 and 1.07, respectively
B. 1.35 and 1.50, respectively
C. 1.07 and 1.19, respectively
D. 1.19 and 1.35, respectively

127. Discuss internal and external users of accounting information. What areas of accounting provide them with information? Give an example of the type of report each type of user might use.
Internal users of accounting information include managers and employees. The area of accounting that provides internal users with information is called managerial accounting or management accounting. An example of a report that might be used internally is a customer profitability report.

External users of accounting information include customers, creditors, banks, and the government. These users are not directly involved in managing or operating the business. The area of accounting that provides external users with information is called financial accounting. General-purpose financial statements are one type of financial accounting report that is distributed to external users.

128. Companies like Enron, WorldCom, and Tyco International, Ltd. have been caught in the midst of ethical lapses that led to fines, firings, and criminal and/or civil prosecution. List and briefly describe three factors that are responsible for what went wrong in these companies.
The three factors are: (1) individual character, (2) firm culture, and (3) laws and enforcement. Honesty, integrity, and fairness in the face of pressure to hide the truth are important characteristics of an ethical business person. The behavior and attitude of senior management sets the firm’s culture. In firms like Enron, senior managers created a culture of greed and indifference to the truth. That culture flowed down to lower-level managers, who took shortcuts and lied to cover financial frauds. The lack of laws and enforcement has been blamed as a contributing factor to financial reporting abuses. As a result, new laws such as the Sabanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (SOX) established a new oversight body for the accounting profession, known as the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (PCAOB), which enhanced corporate accountability, financial disclosures, and independence.

129. List the five steps in the process by which accounting provides information to users.
1. Identify users.
2. Assess users’ information needs.
3. Design the accounting information system to meet users’ needs.
4. Record economic data about business activities and events.
5. Prepare accounting reports for users.

130. What is the major difference between the objective of financial accounting and the objective of managerial accounting?
The objective of financial accounting is to provide information for the decision-making needs of external users. The objective of managerial accounting is to provide information for internal users.

131. Give the major disadvantage of disregarding the cost concept and constantly revaluing assets based on appraisals and opinions.
Accounting reports would become unstable and unreliable.

132. On May 7, Carpet Barn Company offered to pay $83,000 for land that had a selling price of $105,000. On May 15, Carpet Barn accepted a counteroffer of $95,000. On June 5, the land was assessed at a value of $115,000 for property tax purposes. On December 10, Carpet Barn Company was offered $135,000 for the land by another company. At what value should the land be recorded in Carpet Barn Company’s records?
$95,000

133. Donner Company is selling a piece of land adjacent to their business. An appraisal reported the market value of the land to be $120,000. The Focus Company initially offered to buy the land for $107,000. The companies settled on a purchase price of $115,000. On the same day, another piece of land on the same block sold for $122,000. Under the cost concept, what is the amount that will be used to record this transaction in the accounting records?

$115,000

134. Explain the meaning of the business entity concept.
The business entity concept limits the economic data in an accounting system to
data related directly to the activities of the business. In other words, the business
is viewed as an entity separate from its owners, creditors, or other businesses

135. Darnell Company purchased $88,000 of computer equipment from Joseph Company. Darnell Company paid for the equipment using cash that had been obtained from the initial investment by Donnie Darnell.

Which entity or entities (Darnell Company, Joseph Company, Donnie Darnell) should record the transaction involving the computer equipment on their accounting records?
Darnell Company and Joseph Company

136. Explain the meaning of:

(a) the objectivity concept and
(b) the unit of measure concept
(a) The objectivity concept requires that the amounts recorded in the accounting records
be based on objective evidence. In exchanges between a buyer and a seller, both try to get the best price. Only the final agreed-upon amount is objective enough to be recorded in the accounting records.
.
(b) The unit of measure concept requires that economic data be recorded in dollars. Money is a common unit of measurement for reporting financial data and reports.

137. Doug Miller is the owner and operator of Miller’s Arcade. At the end of its accounting period, December 31, 2010, Miller’s Arcade has assets of $450,000 and liabilities of $125,000. Using the accounting equation, determine the following amounts:
a) Owner’s Equity as of December 31, 2010.
b) Owner’s Equity as of December 31, 2011, assuming that assets increased by $65,000 and liabilities increased by $35,000 during 2011.
a) $450,000 = $125,000 + $325,000
b) ($450,000 + $65,000) = ($125,000 + $35,000) + $355,000

138. Determine the missing amount “X” for each of the following:

Assets Liabilities Owner’s Equity
a. $78,500 $37,600 X
b. X $53,280 $145,000
c. $49,500 X $34,000

a. $78,500 – 37,600 = $40,900
b. $53,280 + 145,000 = $198,280
c. $49,500 – 34,000 = $15,500

139. Krammer Company has liabilities equal to one fourth of the total assets. Krammer’s owner’s equity is $45,000. Using the accounting equation, what is the amount of liabilities for Krammer?
Assets = Liabilities + Owner’s Equity
4x = x + $45,000
3x = $45,000
x = $15,000 in liabilities

140. Daniels Company is owned and operated by Thomas Daniels. The following selected transactions were completed by Daniels Company during May:

1. Received cash from owner as additional investment $55,000.
2. Paid creditors on account $7,000.
3. Billed customers for services on account, $2,565.
4. Received cash from customers on accounts $8,450.
5. Paid cash to owner for personal use, $2,500.
6. Received the utility bill $160, to be paid next month.

Indicate the effect of each transaction on the accounting equation:
1) By Account type – (A)assets, (L)liabilities, (O)owner’s (E)equity, (R)revenue, and (E)expense
2) Name of Account for the entry
3) The amount by of the transaction.
4) Indicate the direction of change in the account that is affected.

Note: Each transaction has two entries.

Entry Entry
Acct Type

(1) Name of Acct

(2) Amount
(3) Increase or Decrease
(4) Acct Type

(1) Name of Acct

(2) Amount
(3) Increase or Decrease
(4)
1
2
3
4
5
6
Entry Entry
Acct Type (1) Name of Acct (2) Amount (3) Increase or Decrease
(4) Acct Type
(1) Name of Acct (2) Amount
(3) Increase or Decrease (4)
1 A Cash 55,000 Incr OE Capital 55,000 Incr
2 A Cash 7,000 Decr L Acct Pay 7,000 Decr
3 A Acct Rec 2,565 Incr R Fees Earned 2,565 Incr
4 A Cash 8,450 Incr A Acct Rec 8,450 Decr
5 A Cash 2,500 Decr OE Drawing 2,500 Incr
6 L Acct Pay 160 Incr E Util Exp 160 Incr

141. Use the accounting equation to answer each of the independent questions below:

a. At the beginning of the year Norton Company assets were $75,000 and its owner’s equity was $38,000. During the year, assets increased by $18,000 and liabilities increased by $4,000. What was the owner’s equity at the end of the year?

b. At the beginning of the year Turpin Industries had liabilities of $44,000 and owner’s equity of $66,000. If assets increased by $10,000 and liabilities decreased by $5,000, what was the owner’s equity at the end of the year?
a. $75,000 – $38,000 = $37,000 beginning of year liabilities
($75,000 + 18,000) – ($37,000 + 4,000) = $52,000 end of year owner’s equity

b. $44,000 + $66,000 = $110,000 beginning of year assets
($110,000 + 10,000) – ($44,000 – 5,000) = $81,000 end of year owner’s equity

142. Collins Landscape Company purchased various landscaping supplies on account to be used for landscape designs for their customers. How will this business transaction affect the accounting equation?
Increase Assets (Supplies) and increase Liabilities (Accounts Payable)

143. Bob Johnson is the sole owner of Johnson’s Carpet Cleaning Service. Bob purchased a personal automobile for $10,000 cash plus he took out a loan for $20,000 in his name. Describe how this transaction is related to the business entity concept.
Under the business entity concept, economic data is limited to the direct activities of the business. The business is viewed as separate from its owner. Therefore, when Bob buys a personal automobile, it is not listed on the books of Johnson’s Carpet Cleaning, unless Bob invests it in the business. In this case, the loan is a personal debt and not a liability of the company and the cash is from Bob’s personal account and not the company’s account.

144. Shiny Kar Company had the following transactions. For each transaction, show the effect on the accounting equation by putting the amount and direction (plus, minus, or NC for no change) in each box of the table below.

Assets Liabilities Owner’s Equity
a. Shiny Kar withdrew $500 cash for food.
b. Shiny Kar Company sold 2 cars for a total of $55,000 on account.
c. The cost of the cars sold in (b) above was $40,000.
d. Shiny Kar received $35,000 payment for a car previously sold on account.
e. Shiny Kar paid $450 for advertising.
f. Shiny Kar purchased $150 of cleaning supplies on account.
Assets Liabilities Owner’s Equity
a. -$500 NC -$500
b. +$55,000 NC +$55,000
c. -$40,000 NC -$40,000
d. NC NC NC
e. -$450 NC -$450
f. $150 $150 NC

145. Ramierez Company received their first electric bill in the amount of $60 which will be paid next month. How will this transaction affect the accounting equation?
Increase Liabilities (Accounts Payable) and decrease Owner’s Equity (Utilities Expense)

146. Jonathan Martin is the owner and operator of Martin Consultants. At December 31, 2011, Martin Consultants has assets of $430,000 and liabilities of $205,000. Using the accounting equation and considering each case independently, determine the following:

a. Jonathan Martin, capital, as of December 31, 2011.
b. Jonathan Martin, capital, as of December 31, 2012, assuming that assets increased by $12,000 and liabilities increased by $15,000 in 2012.
c. Jonathan Martin, capital, as of December 31, 2012, assuming that assets decreased by $8,000 and liabilities increased by $14,000 during 2012.
a. $430,000 – 205,000 = $225,000
b. ($430,000 + 12,000) – ($205,000 + 15,000) = $222,000
c. ($430,000 – $8,000) – ($205,000 + 14,000) = $203,000

147. Simpson Auto Body Repair purchased $20,000 of Machinery. The company paid $8,000 in cash at the time of the purchase and signed a promissory note for the remainder to be paid in four monthly installments.

(a) How will the purchase affect the accounting equation?
(b) How will the payment of the first monthly installment affect the accounting equation?
(a) Increase Total Assets by a net amount of $12,000 (increase Machinery $20,000 and
decrease Cash $8,000) and increase Liabilities by $12,000 (Notes Payable $12,000)

(b) Decrease Assets by $3,000 (decrease Cash) and decrease Liabilities by $3,000
(decrease Notes Payable)

148. On July 1 of the current year, the assets and liabilities of John Wong, DVM, are as follows: Cash, $27,000; Accounts Receivable, $12,300; Supplies, $3,100; Land, $35,000; Accounts Payable, $13,900. What is the amount of owner’s equity (John Wong’s capital) as of July 1 of the current year?

$63,500

($27,000 Cash + $12,300 Accounts Receivable + $3,100 Supplies + $35,000 Land) – $13,900 Accounts Payable = $63,500

149. Indicate how the following transactions affect the accounting equation:

(a) The purchase of supplies on account.
(b) The purchase of supplies for cash.
(c) A withdraw by the owner to pay personal expenses.
(d) Revenues received in cash.
(e) Revenues received on account.
(a) Assets increase; liabilities increase
(b) No effect
(c) Assets decrease; owner’s equity decreases
(d) Assets increase; owner’s equity increases
(e) Assets increase; owner’s equity increases

150. Discuss the characteristics of a LLC (Limited liability company).
A Limited liability company (LLC) combines the attributes of a partnership and a corporation. It is often used as an alternative to a partnership because it has tax and legal liability advantages for owners.

151. Kim Hsu is the owner of Hsu’s Financial Services. At the end of its accounting period, December 31, 2011, Hsu’s has assets of $575,000 and owner’s equity of $335,000. Using the accounting equation and considering each case independently, determine the following amounts.

a. Hsu’s liabilities as of December 31, 2011.
b. Hsu’s liabilities as of December 31, 2012, assuming that assets increased by $56,000 and owner’s equity decreased by $32,000.
c. Net income or net loss during 2012, assuming that as of December 31, 2012, assets were $592,000, liabilities were $450,000, and there were no additional investments or withdrawals.
a. $575,000 – 335,000 = $240,000
b. ($575,000 + 56,000) – ($335,000 – 32,000) = $328,000
c. $592,000 – 450,000 = $142,000
$335,000 – 142,000 = $193,000 net loss

152. a. A vacant lot acquired for $83,000 cash is sold for $127,000 in cash. What is the effect of the sale on the total amount of the seller’s (1) assets, (2) liabilities, and (3) owner’s equity?

b. Assume that the seller owes $52,000 on a loan for the land. After receiving the $127,000 cash in (a), the seller pays the $52,000 owed. What is the effect of the payment on the total amount of the seller’s (1) assets, (2) liabilities, and (3) owner’s equity?
a.
(1) Total assets increased $44,000.
(2) No change in liabilities.
(3) Owner’s equity increased $44,000.

b.
(1) Total assets decreased $52,000.
(2) Total liabilities decreased $52,000.
(3) No change in owner’s equity.

153. Indicate whether each of the following represents an asset, liability, or owner’s equity:

(a) accounts payable
(b) wages expense
(c) capital
(d) accounts receivable
(e) withdrawal
(f) land
(a) liability
(b) owner’s equity
(c) owner’s equity
(d) asset
(e) owner’s equity
(f) asset

154. The Austin Land Company sold land for $85,000 in cash. The land was originally purchased for $65,000. At the time of the sale, $40,000 was still owed to Regions Bank. After the sale, The Austin Land Company paid off the loan. Explain the effect of the sale and the payoff of the loan on the accounting equation.
Total assets decrease $20,000 (Cash increases by $45,000; Land decreases by $65,000)
Total liabilities decrease $40,000 (Note payoff to Regions)
Owner’s equity increases $20,000 (Sales price – cost of the land)

155. Given the following: Beginning capital $ 58,000
Ending capital $ 30,000
Owner’s withdrawals $ 25,000

Calculate net income or net loss.

Ending capital $30,000
Beginning capital 58,000
Decrease in capital $28,000
Less: Owner’s withdrawals 25,000
Net loss $ 3,000

156. The accountant for Franklin Company prepared the following list of account balances from the company’s records for the year ended December 31, 2011:

Fees Earned $165,000 Cash $ 30,000
Accounts Receivable 14,000 Selling Expenses 44,000
Equipment 64,000 Franklin, Capital 27,000
Accounts Payable 12,000 Interest Income 3,000
Salaries & Wages Expense 40,000 Prepaid Rent 2,000
Income Taxes Payable 5,000 Income Taxes Expense 18,000
Notes Payable 20,000 Rent Expense 20,000
Determine the total assets at the end of 2011 for Franklin Company.

$110,000
($30,000 Cash + $14,000 Accounts Receivable + $64,000 Equipment + 2,000 Prepaid Rent = $110,000)

157. The accountant for Franklin Company prepared the following list of account balances from the company’s records for the year ended December 31, 2011:

Fees Earned $165,000 Cash $ 30,000
Accounts Receivable 14,000 Selling Expenses 44,000
Equipment 64,000 Franklin, Capital 27,000
Accounts Payable 12,000 Interest Income 3,000
Salaries & Wages Expense 40,000 Prepaid Rent 2,000
Income Taxes Payable 5,000 Income Taxes Expense 18,000
Notes Payable 20,000 Rent Expense 20,000
Determine the total liabilities at the end of 2011 for Franklin Company.

$37,000
($12,000 Accounts Payable + $5,000 Income Taxes Payable + $20,000 Notes Payable = $37,000)

158. The accountant for Franklin Company prepared the following list of account balances from the company’s records for the year ended December 31, 2011:

Fees Earned $165,000 Cash $ 30,000
Accounts Receivable 14,000 Selling Expenses 44,000
Equipment 64,000 Franklin, Capital 27,000
Accounts Payable 12,000 Interest Income 3,000
Salaries & Wages Expense 40,000 Prepaid Rent 2,000
Income Taxes Payable 5,000 Income Taxes Expense 18,000
Notes Payable 20,000 Rent Expense 20,000
Based on this information, is Franklin Company profitable? Explain your answer.
($165,000 Fees Earned + $3,000 Interest Income) – ($40,000 Salaries & Wages Expense + $44,000 Selling Expenses + $18,000 Income Taxes Expense + $20,000 Rent Expense) = $46,000 Net Income

Franklin Company had net income for the period of $46,000. Since revenues exceeded expenses for the period, the company would be considered profitable.

159. The assets and liabilities of Amos Moving Services at March 31, 2014, the end of the current year, and its revenue and expenses for the year are listed below. The capital of the owner was $180,000 at April 1, 2013, the beginning of the current year. Mr. Amos invested an additional $25,000 in the business during the year.

Accounts Payable $2,000 Miscellaneous Expense $1,030
Accounts Receivable $10,340 Office Expense $1,240
Cash $21,420 Supplies $1,670
Fees Earned $73,450 Wages Expense $23,550
Land $47,000 Drawing $16,570
Building $157,630
Prepare an income statement for the current year ended March 31, 2014.

Amos Moving Services
Income Statement
For the Year Ended March 31, 2014
Fees Earned $73,450
Expenses:
Wages Expense $23,550
Office Expense 1,240
Miscellaneous Expense 1,030
Total Expenses 25,820
Net Income $47,630

160. The assets and liabilities of Amos Moving Services at March 31, 2014, the end of the current year, and its revenue and expenses for the year are listed below. The capital of the owner was $180,000 at April 1, 2013, the beginning of the current year. Mr. Amos invested an additional $25,000 in the business during the year.

Accounts Payable $2,000 Miscellaneous Expense $1,030
Accounts Receivable $10,340 Office Expense $1,240
Cash $21,420 Supplies $1,670
Fees Earned $73,450 Wages Expense $23,550
Land $47,000 Drawing $16,570
Building $157,630

Prepare a statement of owner’s equity for the current year ended March 31, 2014.

Amos Moving Services
Statement of Owner’s Equity
For the Year Ended March 31, 2014
Amos, capital, April 1, 2013 $180,000
Additional investment by owner during year $25,000
Net Income for the year 47,630
Subtotal $72,630
Less withdrawals 16,570
Increase in owner’s equity 56,060
Amos, capital March 31, 2014 $236,060

161. The assets and liabilities of Amos Moving Services at March 31, 2014, the end of the current year, and its revenue and expenses for the year are listed below. The capital of the owner was $180,000 at April 1, 2013, the beginning of the current year. Mr. Amos invested an additional $25,000 in the business during the year.

Accounts Payable $2,000 Miscellaneous Expense $1,030
Accounts Receivable $10,340 Office Expense $1,240
Cash $21,420 Supplies $1,670
Fees Earned $73,450 Wages Expense $23,550
Land $47,000 Drawing $16,570
Building $157,630
Prepare a balance sheet for the current year ended March 31, 2014.

Amos Moving Services
Balance Sheet
March 31, 2014
Assets Liabilities
Cash $21,420 Accounts Payable $ 2,000
Accounts Receivable 10,340
Supplies 1,670
Land 47,000 Owner’s Equity
Building 157,630 Amos, Capital 236,060
Total Assets $238,060 Total Liabilities and Owner’s Equity $238,060

162. A summary of cash flows for Alex Design Services for the year ended December 31, 2012, is shown below.

Cash receipts:
Cash received from customers $83,990
Cash received from additional investment by owner 25,000

Cash payments:
Cash paid for expenses $27,000
Cash paid for land 47,000
Cash paid for supplies 410
Drawing 5,000

The cash balance as of January 1, 2012 $40,600

Prepare a statement of cash flows for Alex Design Services for the year ended December 31, 2012.

Alex Design Services
Statement of Cash Flows
For the Year Ended December 31, 2012
Cash flows from operating activities:
Cash received from customers $83,990
Deduct cash payments for expenses and supplies (27,410)
Net cash flows from operating expenses $56,580

Cash flows from investing activities:
Cash paid for land (47,000)

Cash from financing activities:
Cash investment received from owner 25,000
Deduct cash withdrawals from owner (5,000)
Net cash flows from financing activities 20,000
Net increase in cash during year $ 29,580
Cash as of January 1, 2012 40,600
Cash as of December 31, 2012 $70,180

163. The total assets and the total liabilities of a business at the beginning and at the end of the year appear below. During the year, the owner had withdrawn $55,000 for personal use and had made an additional investment of $33,000 in the business.

Assets Liabilities
Beginning of year $305,000 $200,000
End of year 365,000 230,000

Calculate the net income for the year.
$52,000

Assets Liabilities
Beginning of year $ 305,000 $ 200,000
End of year $ 365,000 $ 230,000
Change $ 60,000 $ 30,000

Based on the change in asset and liabilities, owner’s equity increased by $30,000 for the year. Owner investment – owner withdrawal = $22,000 decrease in equity, making the net income $52,000 ($22,000 + $30,000).

164. What information does the Income Statement give to business users?
The Income Statement reports the revenues and expenses for a period of time. The result is either a Net Income or a Net Loss.

165. What are the three sections of the Statement of Cash Flows?
Operating Activities, Investing Activities, and the Financing Activities

166. Match the following accounts to the financial statement where they can be found. (Hint: Some of the accounts can be found in more than one financial statement.)

A. Balance Sheet
B. Income Statement
C. Statement of Cash Flows
D. Statement of Owner’s Equity

# Account
1. Withdrawals
2. Revenues
3. Supplies
4. Land
5. Accounts Payable
6. Accounts Receivable
7. Operating Activities
8. Wages Expense
9. Net Income
10. Cash
# Answer Account
1. D (If Cash, also C.) Withdrawals
2. B Revenues
3. A Supplies
4. A Land
5. A Accounts Payable
6. A Accounts Receivable
7. C Operating Activities
8. B Wages Expense
9. D (if using the indirect method, also C) Net Income
10. A & C Cash

167. Name and describe the four primary financial statements for a proprietorship.
1. Income Statement: A summary of the revenue and expenses for a specific period of time, such as a month or a year.

2. Statement of Owner’s Equity: A summary of the changes in the owner’s equity that have occurred during a specific period of time, such as a month or a year.

3. Balance Sheet: A list of the assets, liabilities, and owner’s equity as of a specific date, usually at the close of the last day of a month or a year.

4. Statement of Cash Flows: A summary of the cash receipts and cash payments for a
specific period of time, such as a month or a year.

168. There are four transactions that affect Owner’s equity.

(a) What are the two types of transactions that increase Owner’s equity?
(b) What are the two types of transactions that decrease Owner’s equity?
(a) Additional investments by the owner and increase in revenues
(b) Withdrawals made by the owner and increase in expenses

169. A summary of cash flows for Lopez Wedding Planning for the year ended December 31, 2011 is shown below.

Cash receipts:
Cash received from customers $57,360
Cash received from bank loan 15,000

Cash payments:
Cash paid for operating expenses $12,120
Cash paid for equipment 18,070
Cash paid for party supplies 9,480
Drawing 12,000

The cash balance as of January 1, 2011 $15,580

Prepare a statement of cash flows for Lopez Wedding Planning for the year ended December 31, 2011.

Lopez Wedding Planning
Statement of Cash Flows
For the Year Ended December 31, 2011
Cash flows from operating activities:
Cash received from customers $57,360
Deduct cash payments for expenses and supplies
(21,600)
Net cash flows from operating expenses $35,760

Cash flows from investing activities:
Cash paid for equipment (18,070)

Cash from financing activities:
Cash received from bank loan 15,000
Deduct cash withdrawals from owner (12,000)
Net cash flows from financing activities 3,000
Net increase in cash during year $ 20,690
Cash as of January 1, 2011 15,580
Cash as of December 31, 2011 $36,270

170. Explain the interrelationship between the Balance Sheet and the Statement of Cash Flows.
The cash reported on the balance sheet is also reported as the end-of-period cash on the statement of cash flows.

171. The following data were taken from Harrison Company’s balance sheet:
Dec. 31, 2012 Dec. 31, 2011
Total liabilities $150,000 $105,000
Total owner’s equity 75,000 60,000

a. Compute the ratio of liabilities to owner’s equity.

b. Has the creditors’ risk increased or decreased from December 31, 2011, to December 31, 2012?
a. 12/31/2012: $150,000 / 75,000 = 2.0
12/31/2011: $105,000 / 60,000 = 1.75

b. Decreased

172. Company G has a ratio of liabilities to stockholders’ equity of 0.12 and 0.28 for 2010 and 2011, respectively. In contrast, Company M has a ratio of liabilities to stockholders’ equity of 1.13 and 1.29 for the same period.

REQUIRED:
Based on this information, which company’s creditors are more at risk and why? Should the creditors of either company fear the risk of nonpayment?
Company M’s creditors are more at risk than are Company G’s creditors.The lower the ratio of liabilities to owner’s equity, the better able the company is to withstand poor business conditions and pay its obligations to creditors. Without additional information, it appears that the creditors of either company are well protected against the risk of nonpayment, because the ratios are relatively low for both. However, the fact that both ratios are increasing over the period should be monitored for downturns in business conditions.

173. Given the following data:
Dec. 31,2014 Dec. 31,2013
Total liabilities $128,250 $120,000
Total owner’s equity 95,000 80,000

a. Compute the ratio of liabilities to owner’s equity for each year.
b. Has the creditors’ risk increased or decreased from December 31, 2013, to December 31, 2014?
a.
Dec. 31, 2014 Dec. 31,2013
Total liabilities $128,250 $120,000
Total owner’s equity 95,000 80,000
Ratio of liabilities to owner’s equity 1.350 1.50
($128,250/$95,000) ($120,000/$80,000)
b. Decreased

174. The assets and liabilities of S&P Day Spa at December 31, 2014 and expenses for the year are listed below. The capital of the owner was $68,000 at January 1, 2014. The owner invested an additional $10,000 during the year. Net income for 2014 is $45,625.

Accounts Payable $4,375 Spa Operating Expense $23,760
Accounts Receivable $8,490 Office Expense $2,470
Cash $13,980 Spa Supplies $9,230
Fees Earned ??? Wages Expense $26,580
Spa Furniture & Equipment $56,000 Drawing $38,170
Computers $2,130
Prepare an income statement for the current year ended December 31, 2014.

S&P Day Spa
Income Statement
For the Year Ended December 31, 2014
Fees Earned $98,435
Expenses:
Wages Expense $26,580
Spa Operating Expense 23,760
Office Expense 2,470
Total Expenses 52,810
Net Income $45,625

175. The assets and liabilities of S&P Day Spa at December 31, 2014 and its revenue and expenses for the year are listed below. The capital of the owner is $68,000 at December 31, 2014. The owner invested an additional $10,000 during the year.

Accounts Payable $4,375 Spa Operating Expense $23,760
Accounts Receivable $8,490 Office Expense $2,470
Cash $13,980 Spa Supplies $9,230
Fees Earned $98,435 Wages Expense $26,580
Spa Furniture & Equipment $56,000 Drawing $38,170
Computers $2,130

Determine the capital of the owner at January 1, 2014 (Hint: Calculate the increase/decrease in owner’s equity first.). Prepare a statement of owner’s equity for the current year ended December 31, 2014.

S&P Day Spa
Statement of Owner’s Equity
For the Year Ended December 31, 2014
Owner capital, January 1, 2014 $68,000
Additional investment by owner during year $10,000
Net Income for the year 45,625
Subtotal $55,625
Less withdrawals 38,170
Increase in owner’s equity 17,455
Owner capital December 31, 2014 $85,455

176. The assets and liabilities of S&P Day Spa at December 31, 2014 and its revenue and expenses for the year are listed below. The capital of the owner was $68,000 at January 1, 2014. The owner invested an additional $10,000 during the year.

Accounts Payable $4,375 Spa Operating Expense $23,760
Accounts Receivable $8,490 Office Expense $2,470
Cash ??? Spa Supplies $9,230
Fees Earned $98,435 Wages Expense $26,580
Spa Furniture & Equipment $56,000 Drawing $38,170
Computers $2,130

Prepare a balance sheet for the year ended December 31, 2014.

S&P Day Spa
Balance Sheet
December 31, 2014
Assets Liabilities
Cash $13,980 Accounts Payable $ 4,375
Accounts Receivable 8,490
Spa Supplies 9,230
Computers 2,130 Owner’s Equity
Spa Furniture & Equipment 56,000 Owner Capital 85,455
Total Assets $89,830 Total Liabilities and Owner’s Equity $89,830

177. For each of the following companies, identify whether they are a service, merchandising, or manufacturing business.

A. Dillards
B. Time Warner Cable
C. General Motors
D. Blockbuster
E. Applebee’s
F. Sony
G. Best Buy
H. Banana Republic
I. H & R Block
A. Merchandising
B. Service
C. Manufacturing
D. Service
E. Service / Manufacturing
F. Manufacturing
G. Merchandising
H. Merchandising
I. Service

178. Identify each of the following as either internal or external users of accounting information.

A. Payroll Manager
B. Bank
C. President’s Secretary
D. Internal Revenue Service
E. Raw Material Vendors
F. Social Security Administration
G. Health Insurance Provider
H. Managerial Accountant
A. Internal
B. External
C. Internal
D. External
E. External
F. External
G. External
H. Internal

179. Determine the missing amount for each of the following:

Assets Liabilities Owner’s Equity
(a) $38,000 $45,000
$30,000 (b) $22,000
$53,000 $ 32,000 (c)
(a) $83,000
(b) $8,000
(c) $21,000

180. Identify each of the following as an (1) increase in owner’s equity, or a (2) decrease in owner’s equity.

(a) Fees Earned
(b) Wages Expense
(c) Withdrawal
(d) Lawn Care Revenue
(e) Investment
(f) Supplies Expense
(a) 1
(b) 2
(c) 2
(d) 1
(e) 1
(f) 2

181. Selected transactions completed by a proprietorship are described below. Indicate the effects of each transaction on assets, liabilities, and owner’s equity by inserting “+” for increase and “-” for decrease in the appropriate columns at the right. If appropriate, you may insert more than one symbol in a column.

A L OE
(a) Received cash from owner as an additional investment _____ _____ _____
(b) Purchased supplies on account _____ _____ _____
(c) Paid rent for the current month _____ _____ _____
(d) Received cash for services sold to customers _____ _____ _____
(e) Returned some defective supplies purchased in (b) _____ _____ _____
(f) Paid insurance premiums in advance _____ _____ _____
(g) Paid cash to creditor for purchases in (b) _____ _____ _____
(h) Charged customers for services sold on account _____ _____ _____
(i) Paid cash to a customer as a refund for an overcharge _____ _____ _____
(j) Received cash on account from customers _____ _____ _____
(k) Owner withdrew cash for personal use _____ _____ _____
(l) Recorded the cost of supplies used during the year _____ _____ _____
(m) Received invoice for electricity used _____ _____ _____
(n) Paid wages _____ _____ _____
(o) Purchased a truck for cash _____ _____ _____
A L OE
(a) + +
(b) + +
(c) – –
(d) + +
(e) – –
(f) +,-
(g) – –
(h) + +
(i) – –
(j) +,-
(k) – –
(l) – –
(m) + –
(n) – –
(o) +,-

182. From the following list of accounts taken from Lamar’s accounting records, identify those that would appear on the Income Statement.

(a) Rent Expense
(b) Land
(c) Capital
(d) Fees Earned
(e) Withdrawal
(f) Wages Expense
(g) Investment

(a), (d), (f)

183. Identify which of the following accounts appear on a balance sheet.

(a) Cash
(b) Fees Earned
(c) Joe Brown, Capital
(d) Wages Payable
(e) Rent Expense
(f) Prepaid Advertising
(g) Land

(a), (c), (d), (f), (g)

184. Indicate whether each of the following activities would be reported on the Statement of Cash Flows as an Operating Activity, an Investing Activity, a Financing Activity, or does not appear on the Cash Flow Statement.

(a) Cash paid for building
(b) Cash paid to suppliers
(c) Cash paid for owner’s withdrawal
(d) Cash received from customers
(e) Cash received from the owner’s investment
(f) Cash received from the sale of a building
(g) Borrowed cash from a bank
(a) Investing
(b) Operating
(c) Financing
(d) Operating
(e) Financing
(f) Investing
(g) Financing

185. For each of the following, determine the amount of net income or net loss for the year.

(a) Revenues for the year totaled $71,300 and expenses totaled $35,500. The owner made an additional investment of $15,000 during the year.
(b) Revenues for the year totaled $220,500 and expenses totaled $175,000. The owner withdrew $40,000 during the year.
(c) Revenues for the year totaled $149,000 and expenses totaled $172,000. The owner invested an additional $12,000 and withdrew $16,000 during the year.
(d) Revenues for Konner Co. totaled $198,150 and expenses totaled $174,200. Cash withdrawals of $35,000 were paid during the year.
(a) $35,800 net income ($71,300 – $35,500)
(b) $45,500 net income ($220,500 – $175,000)
(c) $23,000 net loss ($149,000 – $172,000)
(d) $23,950 net income ($198,150 – $174,200)

186. The total assets and total liabilities of Paul’s Pools, a proprietorship, at the beginning and at the end of the current fiscal year are as follows:

Jan. 1 Dec. 31
Total assets $280,000 $475,000
Total liabilities 205,000 130,000

(a) Determine the amount of net income earned during the year. The owner did not invest any additional assets in the business during the year and made no withdrawals.
(b) Determine the amount of net income during the year. The assets and liabilities at the beginning and at the end of the year are unchanged from the amounts presented above. However, the owner withdrew $53,000 in cash during the year (no additional investments).
(c) Determine the amount of net income earned during the year. The assets and liabilities at the beginning and at the end of the year are unchanged from the amounts presented above. However, the owner invested an additional $35,000 in cash in the business in June of the current fiscal year (no withdrawals).
(d) Determine the amount of net income earned during the year. The assets and liabilities at the beginning and at the end of the year are unchanged from the amounts presented above. However, the owner invested an additional $12,000 in cash in August of the current fiscal year and made twelve monthly cash withdrawals of $1,500 each during the year.
(a) Owner’s equity at end of year ($475,000 – $130,000) $345,000
Owner’s equity at beginning of year ($280,000 – $205,000) 75,000
Net income $270,000

(b) Increase in owner’s equity as in (a) $270,000
Add withdrawals 53,000
Net income $323,000

(c) Increase in owner’s equity as in (a) $270,000
Deduct additional investment 35,000
Net income $235,000

(d) Increase in owner’s equity as in (a) $270,000
Add withdrawals ($1,500 x 12) 18,000
$288,000
Deduct additional investment 12,000
Net income $276,000

187. Selected transaction data of a business for September are summarized below. Determine the following amounts for September: (a) total revenue, (b) total expenses, (c) net income.

Service sales charged to customers on account during September $33,000
Cash received from cash customers for services performed in September 28,000
Cash received from customers on account during September:
Services performed and charged to customers prior to September 13,000
Services performed and charged to customers during September 18,000
Expenses incurred prior to September and paid during September 6,500
Expenses incurred and paid in September 36,250
Expenses incurred in September but not paid in September 5,000
Expenses for supplies used and insurance (not included above) applicable to September 2,000
(a) $61,000 ($33,000 + $28,000)
(b) $43,250 ($36,250 + $5,000 + $2,000)
(c) $17,750 ($61,000 – $43,250)

188. On March 1, 2014, the amount of Norton Cook’s capital in Cook’s Catering Company was $150,000. During March, he withdrew $31,000 from the business. The amounts of the various assets, liabilities, revenues, and expenses are as follows:

Accounts payable $ 10,250
Accounts receivable 45,950
Cash 23,840
Fees earned 64,950
Insurance expense 1,275
Land 85,400
Miscellaneous expense 1,210
Prepaid insurance 3,000
Rent expense 9,000
Salary expense 20,300
Supplies 900
Supplies expense 525
Utilities expense 2,800

Present, in good form, (a) an income statement for March, (b) a statement of owner’s equity for March, and (c) a balance sheet as of March 31.

(a)
Cook’s Catering Company
Income Statement
For the Month Ended March 31, 2014
Fees earned $64,950
Operating expenses:
Salary expense $20,300
Rent expense 9,000
Utilities expense 2,800
Supplies expense 525
Insurance expense 1,275
Miscellaneous expense 1,210
Total operating expenses 35,110
Net income $29,840

(b)
Cook’s Catering Company
Statement of Owner’s Equity
For the Month Ended March 31, 2014
Norton Cook, capital, March 1, 2014 $150,000
Net income for the month $ 29,840
Less withdrawals 31,000
Decrease in owner’s equity 1,160
Norton Cook, capital, March 31, 2014 $148,840
(c)
Cook’s Catering Company
Balance Sheet
March 31, 2014
Assets Liabilities
Cash $ 23,840 Accounts payable $ 10,250
Accounts receivable 45,950
Prepaid insurance 3,000 Owner’s Equity
Supplies 900 Norton Cook, capital 148,840
Land 85,400 Total liabilities and
Total assets $159,090 owner’s equity $159,090

189. Simpson Designers began operations on April 1, 2011. The financial statements for Simpson Designers are shown below for the month ended April 30, 2011 (the first month of operations). Determine the missing amounts for letters (a) through (o).

Simpson Designers
Income Statement
For the Month Ended April 30, 2011
Fees earned $27,000
Operating expenses:
Wages expense $5,250
Rent expense (a)
Supplies expense 4,600
Utilities expense 400
Miscellaneous expense 1,250
Total operating expenses (b)
Net income $ (c)
Simpson Designers
Statement of Owner’s Equity
For the Month Ended April 30, 2011
Lori Simpson, capital, April 1, 2011 0
Investment on April 1, 2011 $35,000
Net income for April (d)
$ (e)
Less withdrawals 6,000
Increase in owner’s equity (f)
Lori Simpson, capital, April 30, 2011 $38,100
Simpson Designers
Balance Sheet
April 30, 2011
Assets Liabilities
Cash $ (g) Accounts payable $ (i)
Supplies 8,100 Owner’s Equity
Land (h) Lori Simpson, capital (j)
Total assets $55,900 Total liabilities and
owner’s equity $(k)

Simpson Designers
Statement of Cash Flows
For the Month Ended April 30, 2011
Cash flows from operating activities:
Cash received from customers $23,000
Deduct cash payments for expenses and payments to
creditors 4,200
Net cash flow from operating activities $ 18,800
Cash flows from investing activities:
Cash payments for acquisition of land (17,000)
Cash flows from financing activities:
Cash received as owner’s investment $ (l)
Deduct cash withdrawal by owner (m)
Net cash flow from financing activities (n)
Net cash flow and April 30, 2011 cash balance $ (o)

Place your answers in the space provided below. Hint: Use the interrelationships among the financial statements to solve this problem.

(a) ___________
(b) ___________
(c) ___________
(d) ___________
(e) ___________
(f) ___________
(g) ___________
(h) ___________
(i) ___________
(j) ___________
(k) ___________
(l) ___________
(m) ___________
(n) ___________
(o) ___________
(a) $ 6,400
(b) $17,900
(c) $ 9,100
(d) $ 9,100
(e) $44,100
(f) $38,100
(g) $30,800
(h) $17,000
(i) $17,800
(j) $38,100
(k) $55,900
(l) $35,000 given
(m) $ 6,000
(n) $29,000
(o) $30,800

190. Eric Wood, CPA, was organized on January 1, 2011, as a proprietorship. List the errors that you find in the following financial statements and prepare the corrected statements for the three months ended March 31, 2011.

Eric Wood, CPA
Income Statement
For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2011
Fees earned $42,000
Operating expenses:
Salary expense $9,735
Rent expense 5,200
Advertising expense 3,950
Utilities expense 3,225
Miscellaneous expense 4,000
Answering service expense 2,550
Supplies expense 4,000
Total operating expenses 28,000
Net income $14,000

Eric Wood, CPA
Statement of Owner’s Equity
March 31, 2011
Eric Wood, capital, January, 1, 2011 $ 0
Investment on January 1, 2011 $20,000
Net income for the 3 months 14,000
36,000
Less withdrawals 5,000
Increase in owner’s equity 31,000
Eric Wood, capital, March 31, 2011 $31,000
Balance Sheet
For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2011
Assets Owner’s Equity
Land $13,000 Eric Wood, Capital $31,000
Cash 10,860 Liabilities
Accounts payable 2,670 Accounts receivable 2,225
Supplies 925 Total liabilities and
Total assets $33,225 owner’s equity $33,225

Errors in the Eric Wood, CPA, financial statements include the following:

(1) Miscellaneous expense is incorrectly listed after utilities expense in the income statement. Miscellaneous expense should be listed as the last expense, regardless of the amount.
(2) The operating expenses are incorrectly added. Instead of $28,000, the total should be $32,660.
(3) Because operating expenses are incorrectly added, the net income is incorrect. It should be listed as $9,340.
(4) The statement of owner’s equity should be for a period of time instead of a specific date. That is, the statement of owner’s equity should be reported “For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2011.”
(5) The amount of the owners’ equity is incorrect. It should be $24,340.
(6) The name of the company is missing from the balance sheet heading.
(7) The balance sheet should be as of “March 31, 2011,” not “For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2011.”
(8) Cash, not Land, should be the first asset listed in the balance sheet.
(9) Accounts Payable is incorrectly listed as an asset in the balance sheet. Accounts Payable should be listed as a liability.
(10) Liabilities should be listed in the balance sheet ahead of owner’s equity.
(11) Accounts Receivable is incorrectly listed as a liability in the balance sheet. Accounts Receivable should be listed as an asset.
(12) The total assets and the total liabilities and owner’s equity do not foot.

Correctly prepared financial statements for Eric Wood, CPA, are shown below.

Eric Wood, CPA
Income Statement
For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2011
Fees earned $42,000
Operating expenses:
Salary expense $9,735
Rent expense 5,200
Advertising expense 3,950
Utilities expense 3,225
Answering service expense 2,550
Supplies expense 4,000
Miscellaneous expense 4,000
Total operating expenses 32,660
Net income $9,340

Eric Wood, CPA
Statement of Owner’s Equity
For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2011
Eric Wood, capital, January, 1, 2011 $ 0
Investment on January 1, 2011 $20,000
Net income for three months 9,340
$29,340
Less withdrawals 5,000
Increase in owner’s equity 24,340
Eric Wood, capital, March 31, 2011 $24,340
Eric Wood, CPA
Balance Sheet
March 31, 2011
Assets Liabilities
Cash $10,860 Accounts payable $ 2,670
Accounts receivable 2,225 Owner’s Equity
Supplies 925 Eric Wood, Capital 24,340
Land 13,000 Total liabilities and
Total assets $27,010 owner’s equity $27,010

191. Using the following accounts and their amounts, prepare in good format an Income Statement for Bright Futures Company, month ended August 31, 2011:

Telephone Expense $1,150
Cash $3,000
Accounts Payable $1,540
Jason Bright, Drawing $800
Fees Earned $15,700
Rent Expense $1,400
Supplies $140
Accounts Receivable $1,500
Computer Equipment $20,000
Jason Bright, Capital $14,320
Wages Expense $4,800
Utilities Expense $750
Notes Payable $2,400
Office Expense $420
Bright Futures Company
Income Statement
For Month Ended August 31, 2011
Fees Earned $15,700
Expenses:
Wages Expense $4,800
Rent Expense 1,400
Telephone Expense 1,150
Utilities Expense 750
Office Expense 420
Total Expenses 8,520
Net Income $ 7,180

192. Using the following accounts and their amounts, prepare in good format a Statement of Owner’s Equity for Bright Futures Company, month ended August 31, 2011:

Telephone Expense $1,150
Cash $3,000
Accounts Payable $1,540
Jason Bright, Drawing $800
Fees Earned $15,700
Rent Expense $1,400
Supplies $140
Accounts Receivable $1,500
Computer Equipment $20,000
Jason Bright, Capital $14,320
Wages Expense $4,800
Utilities Expense $750
Notes Payable $2,400
Office Expense $420
Bright Futures Company
Statement of Owner’s Equity
For Month Ended August 31, 2011
Jason Bright, Capital, August 1, 2011 $ 14,320
Net Income 7,180
Subtotal $ 21,500
Less: Withdrawals 800
Jason Bright, Capital August 31, 2011 $ 20,700

193. Using the following accounts and their amounts, prepare in good format a Balance Sheet for Bright Futures Company, month ended August 31, 2011:

Telephone Expense $1,150
Cash $3,000
Accounts Payable $1,540
Jason Bright, Drawing $800
Fees Earned $15,700
Rent Expense $1,400
Supplies $140
Accounts Receivable $1,500
Computer Equipment $20,000
Jason Bright, Capital $14,320
Wages Expense $4,800
Utilities Expense $750
Notes Payable $2,400
Office Expense $420
Bright Futures Company
Balance Sheet
August 31, 2011
Assets
Cash $ 3,000
Accounts Receivable 1,500
Supplies 140
Computer Equipment 20,000
Total Assets $ 24,640

Total Liabilities and Owner’s Equity
Liabilities:
Accounts Payable $ 1,540
Notes Payable 2,400
Total Liabilities $ 3,940
Jason Bright, Capital 20,700
Total Liabilities and Owner’s Equity $ 24,640

194. The account balances of Trendsetter Travel Services at December 31, 2014 are listed below:

Accounts Payable $12,000 J. Trendsetter, Capital 1/1/14 $10,000
Accounts Receivable 14,000 Supplies 1,000
Cash 18,000 Taxes Expense 1,300
Computer Equipment 21,000 Utilities Expense 8,000
Fees Earned 78,000 Wages Expense 25,000
Rent Expense 10,000 Supplies Expense 1,700

Prepare an income statement, statement of owner’s equity, and a balance sheet as of December 31, 2014.

Trendsetter Travel Services
Income Statement
For the Year Ended December 31, 2014
Fees Earned $ 78,000
Operating Expenses:
Wages Expense $ 25,000
Rent Expense 10,000
Utilities Expense 8,000
Supplies Expense 1,700
Taxes Expense 1,300
Total Operating Expenses $46,000
Net Income $32,000

Trendsetter Travel Services
Statement of Owner’s Equity
For the Year Ended December 31, 2014
J. Trendsetter, Capital 1/1/14 $10,000
Net Income for the year 32,000
J. Trendsetter, Capital, 12/31/14 $42,000

Trendsetter Travel Services
Balance Sheet
December 31, 2014
Assets Liabilities
Cash $18,000 Accounts Payable $12,000
Accounts Receivable 14,000
Computer Equipment 21,000 Owner’s Equity
Supplies 1,000 J. Trendsetter, Capital 42,000

Total Assets $ 54,000 Total Liabilities and Owner’s Equity $54,000

195. The accountant for Flagger Company prepared the following list of account balances from the company’s records for the year ended December 31, 2011:

Fees Earned $165,000 Cash $ 30,000
Accounts Receivable 14,000 Selling Expenses 44,000
Equipment 42,000 Flagger, Capital 36,000
Accounts Payable 12,000 Interest Income 3,000
Salaries & Wages Expense 40,000 Rent Expense 51,000
Income Taxes Payable 5,000 Prepaid Rent 2,000
Notes Payable 20,000 Income Taxes Expense 18,000

Prepare an Income Statement for Flagger Company in good form.

Flagger Company
Income Statement
For the Year Ended December 31, 2011
Revenues:
Fees earned $ 165,000
Interest income 3,000 $ 168,000
Expenses:
Rent expense $ 51,000
Salaries & wages expense 40,000
Selling expenses 44,000
Income taxes expense 18,000 153,000
Net income $ 15,000
=======

196. Schultz Tax Services, a tax preparation business had the following transactions during the month of June:

1. Received cash for providing accounting services, $3,000.
2. Billed customers on account for providing services, $7,000.
3. Paid advertising expense, $800.
4. Received cash from customers on account, $3,800.
5. Owner made a withdrawal, $1,500.
6. Received telephone bill, $220.
7. Paid telephone bill, $220
Based on the information given above, calculate the balance of Cash at June 30. (Hint: Use the following reconcilitation.)

Cash, June 1 $25,000

Plus: cash receipts for June ____________

Minus: cash payments for June ____________

Cash, June 30 ____________

Cash, June 1 $25,000

Plus: cash receipts for June 6,800

Minus: cash payments for June 2,520

Cash, June 30 $29,280

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