A Speakers Guidebook Text and Reference 6th Edition Test Bank

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A Speakers Guidebook Text and Reference 6th Edition Test Bank

Becoming a Public Speaker1

True/False Questions

  1. Learning to speak effectively can enhance your career as a student and help you advance your professional goals.
  2. Oral and written communication skills top the list of job skills most employers seek in college graduates.
  3. Preparing speeches calls upon one’s ability to reason and think critically.
  4. Public speaking skills will prevent you from entering the public conversation about social concerns.
  5. The practice of oratory, or rhetoric, emerged full force in Greece in the fifth century b.c.e.
  6. The Greeks referred to legal speech as epideictic oratory.
  7. According to Aristotle and other classical rhetoricians, memory is one of the five canons of rhetoric.
  8. Delivery refers to adapting speech information to the audience in order to make your case.
  9. The five canons of rhetoric are invention, adaptation, arrangement, timing, and delivery.
  10. The audience’s response to a message is called feedback.
  11. Unlike dyadic communication, public speaking usually occurs in formal settings.
  12. The source is the person who receives the message.
  13. The process of converting thoughts into words is termed encoding.
  14. The receiver decodes, or interprets, the message.
  15. Audience members often selectively interpret the meaning of a speaker’s message.
  16. The content of a message can be expressed both verbally and nonverbally.
  17. Another term for noise is interference.
  18. Noise is the medium through which a speaker sends a message.
  19. The channel is the content of the communication process.
  20. Shared meaning is the mutual understanding of a message between speaker and audience.
  21. Context includes any outside factors that influence the speaker, the audience, or the occasion.
  22. The circumstance that calls for a public response is known as the rhetorical situation.
  23. A speech does not need a clearly defined goal to be effective.
  24. Public speaking is similar in many ways to engaging in an important conversation.
  25. Effective speaking and effective writing both require a sense of who the audience is.
  26. In general, speakers use more unfamiliar words and complex sentences than do writers.
  27. Public speakers must learn to cultivate their cultural intelligence.

Multiple-Choice Questions

  1. Benefits of public speaking do not include
  2. A) gaining real-life skills.
  3. B) advancing professional goals.
  4. C) improving budgetary skills.
  5. D) enhancing your career as a student.
  6. The Athenians demonstrated their oratorical talent in a public space called a(n)
  7. A) public forum.                                           C)    city-state.
  8. B) deliberative forum.                              D)
  9. The Greeks referred to legislative or political speech as
  10. A) epideictic oratory.                                C)    forensic oratory.
  11. B) deliberative oratory.                           D)    informative oratory.
  12. Which of the following is not one of the five canons of rhetoric?
  13. A) invention                                                   C)    persuasion
  14. B) delivery                                                      D)    arrangement
  15. Invention refers to
  16. A) developing information for your audience in order to make your case.
  17. B) the way the speaker uses language to express the speech’s ideas.
  18. C) practicing the speech until it can be artfully delivered.
  19. D) None of the options are correct.
  20. A form of communication between two people is called
  21. A) mass communication.                        C)    dyadic communication.
  22. B) small group communication.          D)    public speaking.
  23. In this form of communication, the receiver is physically removed from the
    messenger, and feedback is delayed.
  24. A) mass communication                         C)    public speaking
  25. B) small group communication           D)    dyadic communication
  26. Factors that distinguish public speaking from other forms of communication include
  27. A) opportunities for feedback.             C)    degree of formality.
  28. B) level of preparation.                            D)    All of the options are correct.
  29. Which of the following is the most formal type of communication?
  30. A) small group communication
  31. B) dyadic communication
  32. C) public speaking
  33. D) mass communication
  34. Converting thoughts into words is called
  35. A)                                                    C)    receiving.
  36. B)                                                    D)    channeling.
  37. The recipient of the source’s message is
  38. A) the encoder.                                             C)    the receiver.
  39. B) the channel.                                              D)    the sender.
  40. The audience’s response to a message, conveyed both verbally and nonverbally, is referred to as
  41. A) shared meaning.                                    C)    the medium.
  42. B)                                                    D)    decoding.
  43. Anything that influences the speaker, the audience, the speech, the occasion, or the situation is called
  44. A)                                                       C)    the outcome.
  45. B) shared meaning.                                    D)    the communication process.
  46. To learn public speaking, you can draw on skills that you already possess from these two types of communication:
  47. A) interviewing and arguing.
  48. B) small group communication and conversation.
  49. C) mass communication and composition.
  50. D) conversation and composition.
  51. How does spoken language differ from written communication?
  52. A) Speakers use unfamiliar words and complex sentences.
  53. B) Oral language is less interactive than written language.
  54. C) Speakers make more references to themselves and to the audience.
  55. D) Written communication is far more formal than spoken language.

Fill-in-the-Blank Questions

  1. The practice of giving speeches was originally known as ______, also called oratory.
  2. In the Roman republic, citizens met in a public space called a(n) ______.
  3. ______ is the canon of rhetoric that refers to discovering types of information to make your case to an audience.
  4. A form of communication between two people, such as a conversation, is termed ______ communication.
  5. ______ is the process of interpreting a message.
  6. ______ is the audience’s verbal or nonverbal response to a message.
  7. ______ is any interference with the message; this disruption to communication may be physical, psychological, or environmental.
  8. The mutual understanding of a message between the speaker and the audience is called ______.
  9. The ______ is the circumstance that calls for a public response.
  10. The language, beliefs, values, norms, behaviors, and material objects that are passed on from one generation to the next are termed ______.
  11. Cultural ______ means being skilled and flexible about understanding a culture.

Essay and short answer Questions

  1. List and explain three benefits of public speaking.
  2. How does public speaking training enhance your career as a student?
  3. Explain how developing public speaking skills can help you become a more engaged citizen.
  4. List and describe three of the five canons of rhetoric.
  5. Discuss the shared characteristics of mass communication and public speaking.
  6. Explain how public speaking is similar to conversation.
  7. List and describe one similarity and one difference between public speaking and small group communication.
  8. Explain why public speaking is usually more formal than other types of
    communication.
  9. Give two examples of noise in a public speaking situation.
  10. List and describe the elements of the communication process.
  11. Define speech context and rhetorical situation.
  12. What does it mean to develop an effective oral style?
  13. What is culture, and why should a speaker consider it when preparing a speech?

Answer Key for Chapter 1

 

  1. True                                        23.  False                              45.  Invention
  2. True                                        24.  True                               46.  dyadic
  3. True                                        25.  True                               47.  Decoding
  4. False                                       26.  False                              48.  Feedback
  5. True                                        27.  True                               49.  Noise
  6. False                                       28.  C                                       50.  shared meaning
  7. True                                        29.  D                                      51.  rhetorical situation
  8. False                                       30.  B                                      52.  culture
  9. False                                       31.  C                                       53.  intelligence
  10. True 32.  A                                      54.  (No answer)
  11. True 33.  C                                       55.  (No answer)
  12. False 34.  A                                      56.  (No answer)
  13. True 35.  D                                      57.  (No answer)
  14. True 36.  C                                       58.  (No answer)
  15. True 37.  A                                      59.  (No answer)
  16. True 38.  C                                       60.  (No answer)
  17. True 39.  B                                      61.  (No answer)
  18. False 40.  A                                      62.  (No answer)
  19. False 41.  D                                      63.  (No answer)
  20. True 42.  C                                       64.  (No answer)
  21. True 43.  rhetoric                        65.  (No answer)
  22. True 44.  forum                            66.  (No answer)

 

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